Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Land and land conflict in the Palestinian-Israeli peace process:1990-1999

By Ayman Abdel Aziz Shaheen

Abstract

This thesis examines the importance of the debates and struggle over land in the Oslo Accord and immediately post-Oslo. It does this by first situating the conflict\ud over land in the historical context of the spread of Zionism from the 1880s, culminating in the establishment of the State of Israel in Palestine in 1948. It then reviews and contrasts the policies on land and settlement of the Israeli Labour and Likud parties. The focus of the thesis is an assessment of Israeli settlement policy on the West Bank and Gaza-Strip after the Oslo Agreement of 1993. It examines the sequences of Israeli-Palestinian agreements that have divided Palestinian land into different categories and argues that these categories and the problems they have created have ignored the historical importance of land in the conflict between Israel\ud and Palestine.\ud \ud The thesis argues that the classification of land is intended to further subjugate Palestine to the political and economic dominance of Israel, and that the\ud formulation for discussing land issues undermines the possibility for the establishment of a strong and economically independent Palestinian state. The thesis submits that the persistence of Israeli settlement policy and the manner of Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank has not encouraged the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) to conduct a comprehensive land survey and registration\ud procedure. Moreover. Israeli strategy in the post-Oslo period has been to promote the cantonisation of Palestine to ensure that any future Palestinian state will remain\ud economically weak and politically disjointed

Publisher: School of Politics & International Studies (POLIS) (Leeds)
Year: 2000
OAI identifier: oai:etheses.whiterose.ac.uk:375

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. (1999). (The Palestinian-Israeli Peace Process: An Islamic Perspective). Centre for Palestinian Research and Studies, doi
  2. (1997). [Internet]. Available from: //x\-«-\\. arij. or`(/palev-e'abughnam/> [. -Accessed November 8.1997]. 332 CNN, Barak Wants Wye Accord Merged into Final Status Discussions,
  3. (1996). 1/6/39 for the Establishment of the Palestinian Land Authority,
  4. (1996). 11iddle East Report Fall
  5. (1997). 2/13/181 for Land and Settlement Affairs,
  6. (1986). 4skaria 41-Iscrrclia, (The Israeli Military Orders). Publisher unknown. West Bank, Part Two.
  7. (1994). A History of the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, doi
  8. (1997). A poll by Centre for Palestine Research and Studies,
  9. (1998). A poll by Centre for Palestine Research and Studies.
  10. (1996). A Secret Channels: the Inside Story of Arab-Israeli Peace Negotiations, Hareper Collins Publishers, doi
  11. (1997). Administration in the West Bank, New Plan for the Emanuel Settlement,
  12. Adviser of the Minister of Housing and Former Director of the Department of the Government Lands/Gaza-Strip,
  13. Adviser of the Minister of Justice and Former Head of the Land Registration Office in the Gaza-Strip, October 4,1999,
  14. (1997). Afaq al-Istithmar fi Mohafadat Shamal al-Deffa al-Garbia (Prospects of Investment in the West Bank Northern Governorates), Centre for Palestinian Research and Studies,
  15. (1995). Affairs. Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres' Address at IsraeliPalestinian Interim Agreement Signing Ceremony,
  16. (1993). Affairs. Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres' Remarks to the National-Jewish Community Advisory Council's, Annual Meeting, iF ashington
  17. (1993). Affairs. Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin Address to the American-Israeli Public Affairs Committee, Annual Conference, Via Satellite from Jerusalem,
  18. (1993). Affairs. Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin's Address to the Diplomatic Corps,
  19. (2000). Affairs. Israeli-PLO Recognition Letters [Internet]. Available from: //www.
  20. (1995). Affairs. Oslo II Agreement, Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement on the West Bank and the Gaza-Strip, doi
  21. (1999). Affairs. Statement by Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin Following his Statement with PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat [Internet]. Available from:
  22. Afif PLO Representative in the UK,
  23. (1985). Agwani's Paper Goals, Means and Patterns of Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Arab Territories.
  24. (1994). Ahamiat Itifaq Parees al-Iqtisadi be al-A'esbah lil Iqtisad alFilastini, (The Importance of the Paris Economic Agreement to the Palestinian Economy).
  25. (1986). AI-Awamer Al-Askaria Al-Isarelia, (The Israeli Military Orders), Publisher unknown, West Bank, Part One,
  26. (1987). AI-Salam al-Daieh. fi Camp David, (The Missing Peace in Camp David),
  27. (1995). al-Etifak al-Filastinee al-Israele: al-Ray wa al-Ray al-Aker, (The Palestinian-Israeli Agreement: the Opinion and Counter Opinion), Maktabat Madboli,
  28. (1997). al-Harakat al-Watania al-Yahodia wa al-Hejra naho Filistin. (The National Jewish Movements and Immegration to Palestine), Research Report.
  29. (1995). al-Istitan it'a al-Salam (Peace and Settlement).
  30. (1997). al-Istitan Khilal Nusf A 'am min Hukumat al-Likud (Settlement within Half a Year of the Likud Government, Office of the President-Planning Centre,
  31. (1997). al-Istitan Khilal Nusf al-A 'am al-Thani min Hukumat al-Likud (Settlement within the Second Half of the First Year of the Likud Government), Presidential Office-Planning Centre,
  32. (1995). al-Istitan wa al-Salam ala Tarafay Nakeed (Settlement and Peace are at Variance),
  33. (1995). al-Istitan Yohatem al-Wehdah al-Jagrafiah lil Ard al-Filistiniah (The Settlement destroy the Geographical Unity of the Palestinian Land),
  34. (1995). al-Istitan: Adah' Ra'esiah li Rasm al-Hal al-. Veha'1 (The Settlement: A Major Tool to Determine the Final Solution).
  35. (1995). al-Istitan: al-Hadaf wa al-Natijah (Settlement: The Objective and Result).
  36. (1994). al-Itifagia al-Iqtisadia al-Filistinia-al-Israelia: Qira 'at fi alNus, (The Palestinian-Israeli Economic Agreement), Centre for Palestinian Research and Studies,
  37. (1998). al-Maj lis al-Tashri'ei 1, Vols. 1-6, Third Year,
  38. (1998). al-Majlis al-Tashri'ei al-Filastini Ba'd A'main min Ta'siso: Bayna al-Tomoh wa al-Waqeh (The Palestinian Legislative Council After two Years: Between Ambition and Reality), al-Majlis al-Tashri'ei,
  39. (1998). al-Majlis al-Tashri'ei al-Filastini: Forsa Tarikiah San'aha Sha'bona (The Palestinian Legislative Council: Historical Opportunity Created by our People). al-Majlis al-Tashri'ei,
  40. (1998). al-Mey'ah fi al-Deffah al-Qarbiah, (Water on the West Bank), President Office-Planning Centre,
  41. (1989). al-Mey'ah fi Filistin: Derasah fi al-Jagrafiah al-Iqtisadiah Ifa alSiasiah, (Water in Palestine: A Study in the Economic Geography and the Political Geography), al-Dar al-Jamaheriah lil Nasher wa al-Tawzeh wa al-Flan,
  42. (1997). al-Mey'ah: Harb al-Mustaqbal, (Water: The Future War), Sahar Printing Press,
  43. (1996). al-Moa 'sasah al-Sahyoniah (The Zionist Institution).
  44. (1993). al-Mofawadat al-Arabia-al-Israilia: Waka 'eh u'a 1 athaieq
  45. (1997). al-Mofawadat al-Seriah Bain al-Arab wa Israeel: al-Ostora wa al-Impratoria wa al-Dawla al-Yahoodia. (The Secret Channel between the Arabs And Israel:
  46. (1981). al-Mustamarat al-Estetan'iah fe al-Aradi al-Muhtalah, 1967-1980 (The Colonial Settlements
  47. (1995). al-Mustawtanat wa al-Hidod: al-Tasaworat al-Israeliah lil Hal alDa'im (Settlements and Borders: Israeli Perspectives to the Final Status)
  48. (1996). al-Nidam al-Qanoni wa al Nidam al-Qada'ei (The Legal Sy stem and the Juridical System).
  49. (1955). al-Qadia al-filastinia (The Palestinian Question). Cairo. Dar alMa'aref bi Meesr,
  50. (1995). al-Siasah al-Karejia Lel-Welaiat al-Motaheda fe al-Sharq al-Awsat,
  51. (1996). al-Tarkeep al-Sukani (The Demographic Structure).
  52. (1971). Arab 'Disturbances' and the Commissions of Inquiry.
  53. (1997). Authority. Underground Water in the Gaza-Strip,
  54. (1998). Avdologia al-Salam fýI. vac el, (The Making of Peace Ideology in Israel), al-Siyasa al-Filastiniyya.
  55. (1999). Bussinessman
  56. (1985). Commentary on Henery Cattan's Paper. Jerusalem: Lsr wl Concepts. Politics and Practice.
  57. (1992). Conference and the Direct Negotiations with Israel). Maktabeh alMoa'sasa al-Sahafia al-Ordonia al-Ray,
  58. (1985). Dar al-Afaq al-Jadidah.
  59. (1999). De-Development Revisited: Palestinian Economy and Society Since Oslo. doi
  60. (1998). Democratic Front for Liberate Palestine. al-Dawlah al-Mustaqilah wa al-Si 'adah al-Wataniah: Watha'q al-Mu'tamar al-Watani al-A 'am al-Rabeh
  61. (1994). Derasah Tahliliah li Benod Itifaq al-O'lagat al-Igtisadiah Bat-na Lsrae 'el 1iv 1I1o»ia: ainat al-Tahrir al-Filastiniah
  62. (1996). Derassah Hawl al-Estitan fe Mohqfadet Salffet (The Settlement in the Salfeet Governorate),
  63. Director of Planning Department in the Palestinian Water Authority/ Gaza-Strip, February 18,1999,
  64. (1998). Director of the Maps Department/Palestinian Studies Society and Expert in the Israeli Settlement,
  65. (1971). Dynamics of Land Alienation.
  66. (1985). Economics of Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Arab Territories.
  67. (1998). Etefaqiat Oslo: al-Etifagiat al-Isaelia-al-Filastinia Hawl al-Dqfa alGarbia wa Qeta' Gaz'a, (Oslo Agreements: The Israeli-Palestinian Agreements for the West Bank and Gaza-Strip), Dar El-Jaleel for Publishing and Palestinian Research and Studies,
  68. (1993). Etifak Gaza-Areha Awalan: wa Maza Ba 'ed, (Gaza-Jerich First: What is After), Smith Media and Marketing-Hadad and Company,
  69. (1994). Etifak Gaza-Areha Awalan. al-Hal al- Marfood, (Agreement of the Gaza-Jerich First: A Repeled Solution), Dar al-Istiglal,
  70. (1994). Etifaq Gaza-Areha. al-Jawaneb wa al-Nataej alSyyasiah wa al-Ektesadiah, (Gaza-Jericho Agreement: the Political and Economic Aspects and Results), Dar al-Tiba'a al-Motamayeza,
  71. (1998). for Human Rights 1. doi
  72. (1992). Foundation for Middle East Peace. Population Growth in the 'Judea Region'
  73. (1999). Foundation for Middle East Peace. Report on Israeli Settlement in the Occupied Territories:
  74. Foundation for Middle East Peace. Settler Population, 1972-1997, Charts [Internet]. Available from:
  75. (1997). From Occupation to Interim Accord: Israel and the Palestinian Territories, doi
  76. (1993). Gaz'a-Ariha: al-Awraq al-Syr'ia (Gaza-Jericho: The Secret Papers), Markaz al-Fekr al-Arabi lil Derasat wa al-Nasher,
  77. (1994). Gaza First: The Secret Norway Channel to Peace Between Israel and the PLO,
  78. (1988). Geograpy and Politics
  79. (1985). Goals and Patterns of Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Arab Territories.
  80. Hameed. Palestinian Under-Secretary of the Ministry of Supplies,
  81. (1989). Hazaehe al-Itesalat Lemaza, (Why this communication), Wafa (PLO News Agency),
  82. (1996). He: b al-A 'mal: al-Istitan fi A 'hed Hokomat A-A'mal (The Labour Party: Settlement under the Labour Government). President Office-Planning Centre,
  83. Head of the Department of Government Land/Gaza-Strip,
  84. Head of the Palestinian Chamber of Commerce and
  85. Ideo-Theology and Jewish State: From Conflict to Conciliation? doi
  86. (1997). Igrcnic'nt between the government of the Jordanian Hashenmet Kingdom and the Government of Israel [Internet]. Available from: //\vwvwv.
  87. (1996). Industrial Development Strategies: Basic Guidelines, Center for Palestine Research and Studies,
  88. (1996). Industrial Development Strategies: Basic Guidelines, Centre for Palestinian Research and Studies,
  89. (1989). Intifada: Zionisn, Imperialism and Palestinian Resistance. Cox and Wyman Limited,
  90. (1988). Israel 's Fateful Decision, doi
  91. (2000). Israeli Foreign Policy: The Past as Present?
  92. (1985). Israeli Settlement in the Occupied Arab Territories 1967-1984: Overview and Historical Perspective.
  93. (1985). Israeli Settlements in the Occupied Arab Territories: An International Symposium, Cairo: Dar al-Afaq al-Jadidah,
  94. (1994). Itifagiat al-Qaherah wa al-Itifagia al-Iqtisadia: Hal Tafta 'han alTariq Amam H'al Modelat al-Tanmiah
  95. Itifak Taba: Isterad wa Taqeem, (Tapa Agreement: A review and
  96. (1988). Jehad Sh'ab Filasteen kilal Nusf Karn, (The Struggle of the Palestinian People over a Half Century), Cairo, Dar al-Bayader lel-Nasher wa alTawze', Third Edition,
  97. (1985). Jerusalem: Israeli Concepts, Policies and Practices.
  98. (1997). Jografia al-Estitan wa Wahm al-Dawla, (The Settlement Geography and the Phantasm of the State), Dar al-Tameez,
  99. (1998). Life as a (]a_a Student -
  100. (1996). Likud Party Programme
  101. (1994). Magazine. al-Itihad Documents and Official Publications al-Fatah Movement. Agreement on the Ga--a-Strip and the Jericho Area.
  102. (1995). Maseh al-Mostamarat al-Israeliah fe al-Daffah al-Garbiah wa Kittah Ga'za: Arqam wa Tahaleel (A Servey of Israeli Colonies in the West Bank and Gaza-Strip: Numbers and Analysis),
  103. (1983). Mashareh al-Taswea lel qadeiah al-filastiniah mezo 1947-1982 (Settlement Plans for the Palestinian Question Since 1947-1982), dar al-jaleel lel nasher,
  104. (1998). Member of the Central Committee of al-Fatah Movement,
  105. Member of the Political Office of the Popular Front of Liberation Palestine (PFLP), February 11,1999,
  106. (1993). Memoir of Yitzhak Rabin. Part-One, Trans. Dar El-Jaleel for Publishing and Palestinian Research and Studies,
  107. (1993). Memoir of Yitzhak Rabin. Part-Two, Trans. Dar E1-Jaleel for Publishing and Palestinian Research and Studies,
  108. (1991). men Camp David ela Madrid, Dar al-Sharq al-Awsat Lel-Nasher,
  109. (1986). Monazamat al-Tahrer al-Filastinia, (Palestinian Lebaration Organisation) Dar al-Ittehad lel Tteba'ah we al-Nasher,
  110. (1993). Moshkilat al-A 'rd fe al-Sirra al-Qawmi Bain al-Yahood wa al-Arab, 1917-1990 (The Land Problem in the National Conflict Between Arabs and Jews), Tunis, al-Markaz al-Arabi wa Abhath al-Salam fi al-Shark al-Awsat,
  111. (1996). Mu'asasat al-Derasat al-Filastinia,
  112. (1994). Mufawadat al-Salam: al-Masar wa-al-Khiyarat wa-al-Ihtemalat (Middle East Peace Talks: Course,
  113. (1997). Negotiating Water: Israel and the Palestinians, Trans. Institute for Palestine Studies, doi
  114. (1998). Office of Faisal Husseini to President Arafat Israeli Plan for Jerusalem,
  115. (1998). Office of National Institutions. Nabzah an Muhfadat Salfeet (A Brief of the Salfeet Governorate), Salfeet Office,
  116. (1968). Ottoman Reforms in Syria and Palestine, 18-10-1861: The impact of Tan: imat on Politics and Society.
  117. (1973). Palestine and International Law: The Legal Aspect of the ArabIsraeli Conflict, Longman Group,
  118. (1992). Palestine and the Arab-Israeli Conflict, doi
  119. (1937). Palestine Royal Commission Report [Peel Report]. London, His Majesty's Stationary Office,
  120. (1930). Palestine: Report on Immigration, Land, Settlement and Development [Hope-Simpson Report]. London, His Majesty's Stationary Office,
  121. (1997). Palestinian Agriculture: Where To?, Centre for Palestinian Research and Studies,
  122. Palestinian Delegate to Madrid Conference and the Minister of Justice, February 17,1999,
  123. (1998). Palestinian Delegate to Oslo Negotiations and Delegate in GazaJericho Agreement,
  124. (1998). Palestinian Economic System: Planned or Market Oriented?,
  125. (1998). Palestinian Economics System: Planned or Market Oriented?
  126. Palestinian General Director of the Ministry of Supplies,
  127. (1997). Palestinian Information Service. al-Estitan fie Mohafadet Qalgilia (The Settlement in the Qalgilia Governorate). Qalgilia Office.
  128. (1997). Palestinian Information Service. al-Istitan fi 1Iu1yfiudat Xables (Settlement in the Nablus Governorate). Nablus Office.
  129. (1998). Palestinian Minister of Civil Affairs,
  130. (1998). Palestinian Minister of Economy and Trade,
  131. (1998). Palestinian Minister of Environment,
  132. (1998). Palestinian Minister of Higher Education (1996-1998) and the Spokeswoman of the Palestinian Delegation to Madrid Conference,
  133. (1999). Palestinian Minister of Housing and A Delegate to Madrid Conference,
  134. (1998). Palestinian Minister of Industry,
  135. (1998). Palestinian Minister of Public Works,
  136. (1998). Palestinian Minister of Supplies,
  137. (1998). Palestinian Minister of Transportation,
  138. (1996). Palestinian Ministry of Education. Report on thc Effects of the Is, raell Closure on the Education,
  139. (1997). Palestinian Ministry of Industryl, Waqe'h Sina'at al-Naseej wa al-. llaluhc's ji Filastine (The Reality and Future of the Palestinian Clothing and Textile Industry), Department of Planning and Development,
  140. (1998). Palestinian Ministry of Informationl. al-Istitan: Sebaq ma' al-Zam 'an Litakbil Mufawadat al-Marhalah al-Neha'iah (Settlement: Race with Time to Halter Final Status Negotiations),
  141. (1996). Palestinian Ministry of Labour. Report on the Effects of the Israeli Closure on the Palestinian Working Class.
  142. (1998). Palestinian Ministry of supplies. Monthly Report on the Activities of the General Administration of the Food Monitoring and Inspection in the West Bank,
  143. (1985). Palestinian Resistance to Israeli Settlements.
  144. (1994). Palestinian Under-Secretary Ministry of Industry
  145. (1993). Palestinians: The Making of a People, doi
  146. (1994). Palestiniens Israeliens: la Paix promise, Trans. Dar al-Saqi.
  147. (1988). Planning the Victims: Spurious Scholarship and the Palestinian Question. doi
  148. (1994). Politics and Society in Ottoman Palestine: The Arab Struggle for Survival and Power, Lynne Rienner doi
  149. (1997). Polls A poll by Centre for Palestine Research and Studies,
  150. (1994). Prelude to the Accord: Likud, Labour, and the Palestinians, doi
  151. Primary Sources 1. Interviews with the Author Abu Hameed, Ibrahim. General Director of Planning in Ministry of Housing, February 8,1999,
  152. (1996). Prospects for Sustained Development of the Palestinian Economy. -Strategies and Policies for the Reconstruction and Development,
  153. (1997). Qira 'ah fi Kharitat al-Mustawtanat That al-Afdaliah al-Qawmiah (A Reading in the Settlements of National priority), Presidential Office-Planning Centre,
  154. (1997). Quarterly Report of the Office of the Special Coordinator in the Occupied Territories for Economic and Social Conditions in the West Bank and Gaza-Strip,
  155. (1998). Quarterly Report of the Office of the Special Coordinator in the Occupied Territories for Economic and Social Conditions in the West Bank and Gaza-Strip, Spring
  156. (1998). Rabbani, Mouin. Palestinian Authority, Israeli Rule: From Transitional to Permanent Arrangement , doi
  157. Raheem Member of Political Office of the Popular Front for Liberate Palestine (PFLP),
  158. (1997). Report of the Office of the Special Coordinator
  159. (1998). Settling Land: Claims in the Wake of Arab-Israeli Peace. doi
  160. (1981). Siasat Al Intidab Al Biritany Hawl Arady Filasteen Al Arabiah (The Policy of The British Mandate in The Palestinian Arab Land), Matabe al-Karmel al-Haditha,
  161. (1980). Taking Root: Israeli Settlement on the West Bank, The Golan and Gaza-Sinai, 1967-1980, doi
  162. (1987). Tamar Formation of Capitalisim
  163. (1994). Tariq Oslo: Muwaqi 'h al-Itifaq Yarwi al-Asrar al-Hagiqiah lil Mufawdat (Oslo Road: The Agreement's Signatory Recount the Real Secret for the Negotiations), Sharikat al-Matbo' at lil Tawzih wa al-Nasher,
  164. (1997). Tartibat Mantigat al-: Alaivasi Hasab al-Itifaq al-Filastini al-Israeli (The arrangements of the Mawasi Area According to the Palestinian-Israeli Agreement), President Office-Planning Centre.
  165. (1975). The Agronomic Development of the Old Colonies in Palestine, 1882-1914.
  166. (1999). The District of Jerusalem in the Eyes of Three Ottoman Governors at the End of the Hamidian Period, doi
  167. (1983). The Fateful Triangle: The United States Israel and the Palestinias, doi
  168. The Israel State Arcives as .4 Source for the History of' Palestine During the Period of Ottoman Rule.
  169. (1982). The Israeli Settlements in Judea and Samaria: Legal Aspects.
  170. (1994). The Israeli Settler Movement post-Oslo. doi
  171. (1991). The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict, a Documentary Record 1967-1990, Cambridgr doi
  172. (1939). The Land Question in Palestine, doi
  173. (1952). The Land System in Palestine: History and Structure. Eyre and Spottiswoode, doi
  174. (1999). The Land-Water Nexus in the Israeli-Palestinisn Conflict, doi
  175. (1970). The Making of Israel's Army, doi
  176. (1987). The New Middle East, Hery Holt and Company.
  177. (1985). The Occupier's Law: Israel and the West Bank, doi
  178. (1997). The Oslo Accord: Results and Developments.
  179. (1948). The Palestinian Catastrophe: The doi
  180. (1997). The Palestinian Economy in the West Bank and Gaza-Strip: Problems of the Interim Period and Future Policies, Trans. Institute for Palestine Studies,
  181. (1998). The Palestinian Economy: Remarks on Competition.
  182. (1999). The Palestinian Exodus: doi
  183. (1988). The Palestinian Question, Mackays of
  184. (1982). The Political Economy of the Administered Territories.
  185. (1994). The Resettlement of the Palestinian Refugees of the Gaza-Strip,
  186. (1971). The Revolt of 1936: A Chronicle of Events.
  187. (1999). The Silent Pact: Anti-Communist Cooperation Between the Jewish Leadership and the British Administration in Palestine. doi
  188. (1971). The Transformation of' Palestine: e. s's'al-s on the Deivelopment of the . Itah-Israeli Conflict.
  189. (2000). The Untited Nations Resolution Regarding the Palestinian Issue [Internet]. Available from: //www. cyberus. ca/' baker/UN-Palestinian-resolutions. htm> [Accessed
  190. (1994). The View from Palestine: in the Wake of the Agreement, doi
  191. (1990). The West Bank Rise Up.
  192. (1998). The YESHA Council for Judea, Samaria and Gaza. Israeli Settlements in the Shomron Region [Internet]. Available from: //www.
  193. Town Planning Under Military Occupation: An Examination of'the Law and Practice of Town Planning in the Occupied [Fest Bank, Dartmouth Publishing Company Limited.
  194. (1994). Wad al-Turah min Aram ila Hirtzil (The Torah Promise From Abraham to Herzel),
  195. (1985). West Bank in the Israeli Strategic War, Trans. al-Karmel for Studies and Distribution,
  196. (1978). With Rouleau, Eri. Falastine Bela' Haw 'yah (A Palestinian Without Identification), al-Maktab al-Filistini lil Khadamat al-Sahasyah,
  197. (1992). You: A Study of the Israeli Peace Literature), Maktabat Wahbah,

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.