Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

The structural, metamorphic and thermal history of the Sonnblick Dome, southeast Tauern Window, Austria

By Steven Michael Reddy


Within the southeastern Tauern Window, the Sonnblick Dome is a large, NE-verging, antiformal structure composed of orthogneisses of the Zentralgneis Complex. This unit represents part of the European crystalline basement, or Penninic domain, over which the Adriatic microplate was thrust during Alpine continental collision.\ud \ud The igneous precursors to the gneisses formed as granitoids above a subduction zone during the Hercynian. During Alpine continental collision, overthrusting of the African-derived Austroalpine units toward the northwest produced a foliation that becomes more intense towards the tectonic contact of the gneiss and the overlying Peripheral Schieferhülle. This foliation was folded during the formation of the Sonnblick Dome, which is interpreted to have developed during progressive top-to-NW shearing in\ud the hangingwall of an oblique ramp.\ud \ud Shear zones also developed oblique to the northwest transport direction and led to imbrication in the basement. These shear zones are commonly marked by retrogression\ud of the primary mineralogy and the development of mica-schists. Although this alteration is associated with syn-deformational fluid infiltration, a spatial relationship between reaction site and deformation suggests that the energy associated with deformation contributed to reactions during shear zone formation.\ud \ud As a response to tectonic thickening, pressures and temperatures in the Pennine basement increased. Peak Alpine metamorphic conditions are estimated to be 540±50°C\ud and 8±lkbar and probably represent conditions developed during uplift from initially greater depths. White mica isotopic ages suggest that the peak of metamorphism took\ud place at 25-28Ma, with older ages being observed towards the southeastern end of the Dome. Post-metamorphic cooling rates appear to be variable throughout the Dome, with\ud faster rates being found for the southeastern end of the Dome. After 20Ma ago, cooling rates around the Dome became more uniform (17-27°C/Ma). Rapid cooling rates in the\ud area are associated with rapid, post-metamorphic uplift rates. These were probably accomodated by gravity-driven extension of the tectonically thickened crust. Evidence\ud for post-metamorphic extension is represented by ductile shear bands, which are associated with thinning of the more micaceous units found at higher levels in the Dome

Publisher: School of Earth and Environment (Leeds)
Year: 1990
OAI identifier:

Suggested articles


  1. (1984). A garnet-hornblende geothermometer: calibration, testing and application to the Pelona Schist, southern California. doi
  2. (1978). A historical review and synthesis of research on pressure solution.
  3. (1970). A potassium-argon study of the margin of the Tauernfenster at Döllach, Austria. Eclogae Geologica Helvetica,
  4. (1975). A practical two-feldspar geothermometer. doi
  5. (1975). A preliminary thermal model for regional metamorphism in the eastern Alps. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi
  6. (1987). A recalibration of the chlorite-biotite-muscovite geobarometer. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  7. (1989). A structural test of eclogite emplacement models in the Austrian Alps. Terra Abstracts, 1,261. ch doi
  8. (1975). A thermodynamic study of the pseudobinary join muscovite-paragonite in the system: KAISi3O8-NaA1Si3O8-A1203-Si02-H20.
  9. (1984). Activity/composition relations in the ternary feldspars. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  10. (1974). Alpine metamorphism in the Alps- A review.
  11. (1985). Alpine metamorphism in the south-east Tauern Window, Austria: 1. P-T variations in space and time. doi
  12. (1985). Alpine metamorphism in the south-east Tauern Window, Austria: II. Heating, cooling and uplift rates. doi
  13. (1981). Alpine metamorphism of pelitic schists in the south-east Tauern Window, doi
  14. (1989). Alpine tectonics- An overview. In: Alpine Tectonics (edited by doi
  15. (1989). Alpine Tectonics. doi
  16. (1989). Alpine thermal evolution in the central and western Alps. In: Alpine Tectonics (edited by doi
  17. (1983). An evaluation of criteria to deduce the sense of movement in sheared rocks. doi
  18. (1979). An experimental study of the effect of Ca upon garnet-clinopyroxene Fe-Mg exchange equilibria. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  19. (1988). An initially consistent data set with uncertainties and correlations: 3. Application to geobarometry, worked examples and a computer program. doi
  20. (1968). An outline of the geology of the Central Eastern Alps. doi
  21. (1988). Analysis of deformation paths in shear zones. doi
  22. (1954). Anzeichen schmelzflüssigen und hochtemperierten Wachstums an der großen Kalifeldspäten einiger Porphyrgranite,
  23. (1987). Apatite fission track evidence for postmetamorphic uplift and cooling history of the Eastern Tauern Window and the surrounding Austroalpine 244 (Central Eastern Alps,
  24. (1980). Apennine ophiolites: a peculiar oceanic crust.
  25. (1985). Are Rb-Sr thin slabs meaningful?
  26. (1986). Asymmetrical pull-aparts and foliation fish as kinematic indicators. doi
  27. (1987). Atomic number and crystallographic contrast image with the SEM: a review of backscatter techniques. doi
  28. (1971). Aufbau der Kruste in den Ostalpen aus Schweremessungen und die Eigebnisse der Refraktionsseismik. Hamburger Geophysikalische Einzelschriften, 15, Walter de Gruyter
  29. (1985). Biotite- garnet geothermometry in the granulite facies: the influence of Ti and Al in biotite.
  30. (1985). Calorimetric and phase-diagram approaches to two-feldspar geothermometry :a critique.
  31. (1983). Calorimetric investigation of the excess entropy of mixing in analbite"sänidine solid solution$,: lack of evidence for Na, K short-range order and implications for two feldspar thermometry.
  32. (1976). Chemical aspects of rock deformation. doi
  33. (1969). Chemical Weathering of the Silicate Minerals. doi
  34. (1972). Chromatographic theory of infiltration metasornatism and its application to feldspars. doi
  35. Classic Swiss clastics (flysch and molasse). The Alpine connection.
  36. (1973). Closure temperatures in cooling geochronological and petrological systems. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  37. (1983). Complex strain patterns developed at the frontal and lateral tips to shear zones and thrust zones. doi
  38. (1967). Composition-volume relationships of metasomatism. doi
  39. (1983). Compositional Zoning in crystals: a record of growth and reaction history. In: Kinetics and Equilibrium doi
  40. (1977). Correlation of Mg/Fe partitioning between garnet and biotite with 180/160 partitioning between quartz and magnetite. doi
  41. (1985). Creep of Crystals, doi
  42. (1988). Crustal scale extension in a convergent orogen: The Sterzing-Steinach mylonite zone in the Eastern Alps. Geodynamica Acta,
  43. (1980). Crustal stresses inferred from fault-plane solutions of earthquakes and neotectonic deformation in Switzerland. Rock Mechanics, Supplement 9,63-68. doi
  44. (1981). Crystallization and age of zircons from Corsican 237 ophiolitic albitites: Consequences for oceanic expansion in Jurassic times. doi
  45. (1980). dating of high pressure metamorphic micas from the Gran Paradiso (Western Alps): Evidence against the blocking temperature concept. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  46. (1988). Deep fluid circulation in fault zones. doi
  47. (1989). Deep reaching geodynamic processes in the Alps. In: Alpine Tectonics (edited by doi
  48. (1987). Deformation and fluid-rock interaction in metasomatic dilatent shear bands. doi
  49. (1983). Deformation and metamorphism in the Bord area of the Sesia-Lanzo zone, western Alps, during subduction and upfift. doi
  50. (1988). Deformation induced growth of sillimanite: stress minerals revisited. doi
  51. (1989). Deformation mechanisms- recognition from natual tectonites. doi
  52. (1985). Deformation partitioning andporphyroblast rotation in metamorphic rocks: A radical reinterpretation.
  53. (1978). Deformation phases and the tectonic history of the Eastern Alps. doi
  54. (1989). Deformation regimes and the Theological evolution of fault zones in the lithosphere: The effects of pressure, temperature, grainsize and time. doi
  55. (1971). Der Einfluß der Drucks auf die Zusammensetzung koexietierender doi
  56. (1957). Der heutige Stand der Zentralgneisforschung in den Ostalpen.
  57. (1989). Deta chment-controlled extension of the Tethyan southern continental margin (Eastern Alps, Switzerland). Terra Abstracts,
  58. (1975). Determination of the equilibrium constant and the enthalpy of reaction for the Mgt+-Fe2+ exchange between bitotite and a salt solution.
  59. (1980). Development of sheath folds in shear regimes. doi
  60. (1977). Drift of major continental blocks since the Devonian. doi
  61. (1985). Dynamic recrystallization of feldspar: a mechanism for ductile shear zone formation. doi
  62. (1986). Dynamic recrystallization of minerals. In: Mineral and Rock Deformation Laboratory Studies- The Paterson Volume (edited by doi
  63. (1986). Dynamics of orogenic wedges and the uplift of high-pressure metamorphic rocks. doi
  64. (1986). Effects of grossular-content in garnet on the partitioning of Fe and Mg between garnet and biotite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  65. (1966). Ein führung in die Geologie und Petrographie des Penninikums im Tauernfenster. In:
  66. (1984). Element mobility asociated with synmetamorphic shear zones near Scotchport, doi
  67. (1987). Element mobility during incipient granulite formation of Kabbaldurga, southern India. doi
  68. (1988). Empirical garnet - muscovite geothermometry in low grade metapelites, Selwyn Range (Canadian Rockies). doi
  69. (1984). Equilibrium Activity Diagrams for Coexisting Minerals and Aqueous Solutions at Pressures and Temperatures to 5Kb and 600°C. doi
  70. (1978). Equilibrium Thermodynamics in Petrology. Harper Row, doi
  71. (1964). Erläuterungen zur Geologischen Karte der Sonnblickgruppe. Geologische Bundesanstalt,
  72. (1982). European Seismological Commission- Activity Report 1980-1982.
  73. (1989). Evidence for deformation-induced Kfeldspar replacement by myrmekite. doi
  74. (1988). Evidence for east-west crustal extension in the eastern Alps: Implications for the unroofing of the Tauern Window. doi
  75. (1987). Evolution of the Austroalpine Elements in the Cretaceous. In: Geodynamics of the Eastern Alps (edited by
  76. (1987). Evolution of the Northern Calcareous Alpes during Triassic times. In: Geodynamics of the Eastern Alps (edited by
  77. (1978). Experimental calibration of the partition of Fe and Mg between garnet and biotite. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  78. (1971). Experimental determination of the microcline-low albite solvus. doi
  79. (1972). Experimental studies on the formation of inclusions in plagioclases from metatonalites, Hohe Tauern, Austria. (Louver temperature stability limit of anorthite plus potash feldspar). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  80. (1989). Extensional shearing on the western boundary of the Dora Maira massif, Italian western Alps. Terra Abstracts,
  81. (1983). Fabric asymmetry and shear sense in movement zones. doi
  82. (1979). Fabric development in shear zones: Theoretical controls and observed phenomena. doi
  83. (1987). Facies development of the Gosau Group of the eastern parts of the Northern Calcareous Alps during the Cretaceous and Palaeogene. In: Geodynamics of the Eastern Alps (edited by doi
  84. (1977). Fault rocks and fault mechanisms. doi
  85. (1980). First-order analysis of deformation of a thrust sheet moving over a ramp. doi
  86. (1972). Flake tectonics and continental collision. doi
  87. (1980). Flow law of 'wet' quartzite in the quartz field.
  88. (1987). Flow partitioning and fabric evolution. The Geological Society of London,
  89. (1987). Flow properties of continental lithosphere. doi
  90. (1984). Flow stresses from microstructures in mylonitic quartzites from the Moine Thrust Zone, Assynt area, doi
  91. (1988). Fluid flow and volume loss during mylonitization : An origin for phyllonite in an overthrust setting, doi
  92. (1982). Fluid flow during metamorphism at the Beaver Brook Fossil Locality, New Hampshire. doi
  93. (1986). Fluid interaction and element mobility in the development of ultramylonites. doi
  94. (1984). Fluid-rock interaction in some shear zones from the Pyrenees. doi
  95. (1985). Fluids and thrusting. doi
  96. (1978). Fluids in the Earth's Crust. doi
  97. (1982). Folding of passive layers and forms of minor structures near terminations of blind thrust faults - Application. to the central Appalachian blind thrust. doi
  98. (1979). Garnet and clinopyroxene solid solutions and geothermometry based on Fe-Mg distribution coeficient. doi
  99. (1966). Garnet zoning: An interpretation based on the Rayleigh fractionation model. doi
  100. (1976). Geochemistry of Eocene calc-alkaline volcanic rocks from the Kastamonu area, northern Turkey. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  101. (1985). Geochemistry, geochronology and petrology of Monte Mucrone: An example of Eoalpine eclogitization of Permian granitoids in the Sesia-Lanzo Zone, western Alps, Italy. Chemical Geology, doi
  102. (1987). Geochronological data from the Eastern Alps. In: Geodynamics of the Eastern Alps (edited by
  103. (1987). Geodynamics of the Eastern Alps. Deuticke, doi
  104. (1986). Geologic-tectonic history of the Alpine-Mediterranean system. In: Third EGT Workshop- The Central Segment (edited by
  105. (1986). Geological evolution of the Tethys belt from the Atlantic to the Pamirs since the Lias. doi
  106. (1977). Geologie von Österreich, Band 1: Die Zentralalpen. Deuticke, doi
  107. (1911). Geologische Studien am Westende der Hohen Tauern. doi
  108. (1980). Geology of Switzerland, a guide book. Part A. An outline of the geology of Switzerland. Wepf and Co., doi
  109. (1989). Geometric analysis and significance of mesoscopic shear zones in the Precambrian gneisses around the Kolar Schist Belt, south India. doi
  110. (1982). Geothermometry, geobarometry and the A12SiO5 triple point at Mt. Moosilauke,
  111. (1982). Granite type and tectonic environment. In: Mountain Building Processes (edited by K.
  112. (1983). Granitoid types and their distribution in the Lachlan Foldbelt, southeastern Australia. In: Cicum"Pcific Plutonic Terranes (edited by
  113. (1983). Growth of a zoned plagioclase porphyroblast in a mylonite. doi
  114. (1987). Hangenverschuppung des Tauernfenster- Südrandes bei Kals (Osttirol) als Zeuge von co-alpinem Underplating.
  115. (1985). Hebungs- und Abkühlungsgeschichte des Östlichen Tauernfensters und seiner ostalpinen Umrahmung, abgeleitet aus ApatitSpaltsspürenaltern. Unpublished Doktors der Naturwissenschaften genehmigten Dissertation, Technische Universität München.
  116. (1987). Heterogeneous deformation and quartz crystallographic fabric transitions: natural examples from the Moine Thrust Zone at the Stack of Glencoul, northern Assynt. doi
  117. (1985). Heterogeneous deformation, foliation development, and metamorphic processes in a polyphase mylonite. In: Metamorphic 232 Reactions: Kinetics, Texures and Deformation (edited by doi
  118. (1984). High fluid pressures during regional metamorphism and deformation: impications for mass transport and deformation mechanisms. doi
  119. (1981). High pressure metamorphism in mafic schists from Northern Vermont. doi
  120. (1984). High pressure metamorphism in the SW Tauern Window: P-T paths from hornblende-kyanitestaurolite schist. doi
  121. (1979). High water activities in the generation of high pressure kyanite eclogites of the Tauern Window, doi
  122. (1982). History and deformation in the Alps. In: Mountain Building Processes (edited by Hsü, K.
  123. (1985). Ideal site mixing in solid solutions, with applications to twofeldspar geothermometry.
  124. (1976). Identification of excess 40Ar by the 40Ar/39Ar age spectrum technique. doi
  125. (1982). Internally consistent estimates of pressure and temperature: the staurolite problem. doi
  126. (1984). Introduction and digest to the special issue on chemical effects of water on the deformation and strengths of rocks. doi
  127. (1986). Isoplot. A plotting and regression program for radiogenic isotope datafor IBM-PC compatible computers.
  128. (1985). Isotopic Dating in Metamorphic Belts. doi
  129. (1976). K-Ar ages on rock forming minerals from the Central Alps. Memorie Dia Scienze Geologiche Padova,
  130. (1986). Kinematic evolution of Tethys belt from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pamirs since the Triassic. doi
  131. (1986). Kinematics of Austro-alpine cover nappes: Changing translation path due to transpression. doi
  132. (1989). Kinematics of the Alpine arc and the motion history of Adria. doi
  133. (1989). Kinematics of the Alpine arc. doi
  134. (1976). Kinetic Processes and thermal history of slowly cooling rocks. doi
  135. (1985). Kinetics of metamorphic reactions at elevated temperatures and pressures: An appraisal of available experimental data. In: Metamorphic Reactions: Kinetics, Texures and Deformation (edited by doi
  136. (1987). Late Jurassic/Neocomian gravitational tectonics in the Northern Calcareous Alps in Austria. In: Geodynamics of the Eastern Alps (edited by
  137. (1989). Late Precambrian thrust and wrench zones, doi
  138. (1977). Late t alaeozoic strike slip faulting
  139. (1969). Least squares fitting of a straight line with correlated errors. doi
  140. (1981). Les massifs cristallins externes des Alpes occidentales: d'anciens blocs bascules nes au Lias lors du rifting tethysien.
  141. (1981). Listric normal faults.
  142. (1978). Major and trace element patterns established during retrogressive metamorphism of granulite facies gneisses, doi
  143. (1988). Material balance in Alpine orogeny. doi
  144. (1987). Metamorphic and tectonic history of the central Tauern Window. In: Geodynamics of the Eastern Alps (edited by
  145. (1985). Metamorphic P-T paths from pelitic schists and greenstones in the southwest Tauern Window, Eastern Alps. doi
  146. (1988). Metamorphic petrology and strontium isotope geochemistry associated with the development of mylonites: An example from the Brevard Fault Zone, North Carolina.
  147. (1978). Metamorphism of the Penninic Series in the Western Tauern Window (Austria/Italy). In: Alps, Apennines, Hellenides (edited by Closs, H. er a! ). Inter-Union Commision of Geodynamics, Scientific Report 38.
  148. (1972). Metastable growth of coesite in highly strained quartz. doi
  149. (1982). Micas in metamorphic rocks. In: Micas (edited by doi
  150. (1990). Microstructural analysis and tectonic evolution in thrust systems: Examples from the Assynt region of the Moine Thrust Zone, doi
  151. (1987). Microstructure, c-axis pattern, microstrain and kinematics of some S-C mylonites in Grenville Gneiss. doi
  152. (1977). Mineral reactions and A-Na-K and A-F-M facies types in the Gassetts Schist, doi
  153. (1976). Mineral reactions in pelitic rocks: II. Calculation of some P-T-X(Fe, Mg) phase relations. doi
  154. (1984). Mixing properties of alumino-silicate garnets: constraints from natural and experimental data, and applications to geothermobarometry.
  155. (1987). Nationales Forschungsprogramm 20 'Geologische Tiefenstruktur der Schweiz' - Problemstellung und erste Resulte. Bulletin der vereinigung Schweizerischer Petroleum -
  156. (1978). Nomenclature of amphiboles. doi
  157. (1985). Nonequilibrium thermodynamics of pressure solution. doi
  158. (1986). Nucleation of ductile shear zones on dilatent fractures. doi
  159. (1975). Oceanic rocks in the Eastern Alps. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  160. (1980). On mylonites in ductile shear zones. doi
  161. (1979). On the fitting of parallel isochrons and the method of maximum likelihood. doi
  162. (1974). On the metamorphism of eclogites and high-grade blueschists from the Penninic terrain of the Tauern Window,
  163. (1985). On the relationship between deformation and metamorphism, with special reference to the behaviour of basic rocks. In: Metamorphic Reactions: Kinetics, Tenures and Deformation (edited by doi
  164. (1986). Ophiolites as indicators of the dynamic evolution of the Tethyan Ocean. doi
  165. (1979). Orthogneiss, mylonite and non coaxial deformation of granites: the example of the South Armorcian Shear Zone. doi
  166. (1983). Oxygen-isotope equilibrium and permeability enhancement during regional metamorphism. doi
  167. (1986). Palaeomagnetic implications on the evolution of the Tethys belt from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pamirs since the Triassic. doi
  168. (1986). Palaeomagnetism and the Adriatic Promontory. In: Third EGT Workshop- The Central Segment (edited by
  169. Palaeothermometry of muscovite-bearing metamorphic rocks based on X-ray and chemical analysis of muscovite.
  170. (1968). Permeability of granite under high pressure. doi
  171. (1941). Persistente Brüche im Jura der Wildhorn-Decke des Berner Oberlandes. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae,
  172. (1985). Petrologic constraints on imbrication, metamorphism and uplift in the SW Tauern Window, Eastern Alps. doi
  173. (1977). Petrology and metamorphic evolution of the Penninic ophiolites in the western Tauern Window. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen,
  174. (1980). Phase relations and metamorphic history of a clinohumite-chlorite-serpentine-marble from the western Tauern Window (Austria). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  175. (1965). Phengite micas: Synthesis, stability and natural occurence. doi
  176. (1977). Plagioclase-alkali feldspar geothermometry revisited. doi
  177. (1981). Plate motions in the Alpine region and their correlation to the opening of the Atlantic Ocean. Geologische Rundschau, doi
  178. (1973). Plate tectonics and evolution of the Alpine systems. doi
  179. (1984). Point defect chemistry of minerals under a hydrothermal environment. doi
  180. (1986). Porphyroblast nucleation, growth and dissolution in regional metamorphic rocks as a function of deformation partitioning during foliation development. doi
  181. (1966). Potassium-argon age studies across the southeast margin of the Tauern Window, the Eastern Alps. Sonderabdruck aus den Verhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt,
  182. (1983). Pre-Alpine eclogites in the Pennine Basement Complex of the Eastern Alps. doi
  183. (1986). Prediction of changing deformation mechanisms and rheological evolution in the Eastern Alps from thermal-tectonic modelling.
  184. (1987). Premiers resultants de la traversee des Alpes occidentales par seismique reflexion verticale (Programme
  185. (1984). Pressure - temperature -time paths of regional metamorphism: II. Their inference and interpretation using mineral assemblages in metamorphic rocks. doi
  186. (1977). Pressure solution and Coble creepin rocks and minerals: A review. doi
  187. (1983). Pressure solution in nature, theory and experiment. doi
  188. (1984). Pressure-temperature-time paths of regional metamorphism: I. Heat transfer during the evolution of regions of thickened continental crust. doi
  189. (1986). Principles of Isotope Geology. doi
  190. (1977). Prograde reaction histories deduced from compositional zonation and mineral inclusions in garnet from the Gassetts schist, doi
  191. (1980). Rare earth element mobility during granite alteration: Evidence from southwest England. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, doi
  192. (1979). Rb-Sr dating of thin slabs: An imperfect method to determine the age of metamorphism. In: doi
  193. (1976). Rb-Sr geochronology in the Eastern Alps. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  194. (1977). Rb-Sr isotopic measurements on granite-gneissses from the Granatspitzkem, Hohe Tauern, Austria. Vehreinigung Geologische Bundesanstalt Wein,
  195. (1988). Rb-Sr isotopic resetting in mylonites and Pseudotachylites: Implication for the Beta chment and thrusting of the Austroalpine basement nappes in the Eastern Alps.
  196. (1989). Reaction progress during mylonitization of basaltic dikes along the Särv thrust, Swedish Caledonides. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  197. (1975). Reaction zoning of garnet. doi
  198. (1983). Reaction-enhanced ductility: The role of solid-solid univariant reactions in deformation of the crust and mantle. doi
  199. (1959). Reactions of feldspar and mica at low temperature and pressure. In: Clays and Clay Minerals. doi
  200. (1972). Realistic use of two error regression treatment as applied to rubidium-strontium data. doi
  201. (1967). Rebinder effect in MgO. doi
  202. (1980). Relationship between recrystallized grain-size and flow stress in experimentally deformed quartzite.
  203. (1980). Retrogressive metamorphic processes in shear zones with special reference to the Lewisian Complex. doi
  204. (1973). Review of the structure of the Eastern Alps. In: Gravity and Tectonics (edited by De Jong and Scholten).
  205. (1985). Rheological controls on the geometry of deep faults and the tectonic delamination of the continental crust. doi
  206. (1985). Rock mechanics observations pertinent to the Theology of continental lithosphere and localization of strain along shear zones. doi
  207. (1983). Role of the sub-continental lithosphere in magma genesis at active continental margins. In: Continental Basalts and Mantle Xenoliths (edited by
  208. (1984). Sedimentological response to late Mesozoic subduction in the Penninic Windows of the Eastern Alps. Geologische Rundschau, doi
  209. (1989). Seismic Sounding Group.
  210. (1980). Shear localization and shear instability in materials in the ductile field. doi
  211. (1967). Si4+ content of natural phengites. doi
  212. (1974). Simple models of diffusion and combined diffusion-infiltration metasomatism. In: Geochemical Transport and Kinetics (edited by
  213. (1978). Some thermal considerations of the Alpine metamorphismPast, present and future. doi
  214. (1989). Southwestward thrusting and tectonics of the western Alps. In: Alpine Tectonics (edited by doi
  215. (1972). Stability of biotite: A discussion.
  216. (1972). Stability of biotite: A reply.
  217. (1987). Stacking, dispersion and extension as a consequence of Alpine transpression in the Eastern Alps. Terra Cognita, 7,118. ck Rat
  218. (1983). Strain geometry, microstructures and mineral chemistry in metagabbro shear zones: a study of softening mechanisms during progressive mylonitization. doi
  219. (1984). Strain partitioning in thrust sheets. doi
  220. (1987). Strain, rotation and translation of Austroalpine nappes. In: Geodynamics of the Eastern Alps (edited by
  221. (1977). Stress in the lithosphere. Inferences from steady state flow of rocks. doi
  222. (1971). Strontium isotope distribution in a regionally metamorphosed granite from the Zentralgneis, south-east Tauernfenster, Austria. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  223. (1989). Structural and kinematic evolution of the Teslin suture zone, Yukon: A record of an ancient transpressional margin. doi
  224. (1977). Structural and metamorphic studies of eclogites and associated rocks in the Central Tauern region of the Eastern Alps. Unpublished
  225. (1987). Structural evolution and geochronology of the northern margin of the Austroalpine in the northwestern Schladming Crystalline (NE Radstätter Tauern). In: Geodynamics of the Eastern Alps (edited by
  226. (1978). Structural zones and continental collision, central Alps. doi
  227. (1976). Structural, metamorphic and geochronological studies in the south east Tauern Window. Unpublished Ph.
  228. (1982). Structure and dynamics of the Alps- A geophysical inventory. In: Alpine-Mediterranean Geodynamics (edited by doi
  229. (1977). Styles of deformation in ramp regions of overthrust faults. In: Rocky Mountain Thrust Belt, Geology and Resources. Wyoming Geological Association Guidebook,
  230. (1984). Subcritical crack growth in geological materials. doi
  231. (1978). Summary and critique of the thermodynamic properties of rock forming minerals.
  232. (1987). Superposed deformation in the Eastern Alps: Strain analysis and microfabrics. doi
  233. (1987). Synorogenic sedimentation on the Northern Calcareous Alps during the Early Cretaceous. In: Geodynamics of the Eastern Alps (edited by
  234. (1979). Tectonic progradation and plate tectonic evolution of the Alps. doi
  235. (1976). Tektonische Auswertung der Satellitenbilder der Ostalpen. In: Österreich im Satellitenbild (edited by
  236. (1978). Temperature and pressure dependence of Fe-Mg partitioning between garnet and phengite, with particular reference to eclogites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  237. (1979). Ternary feldspars: Kinetics and possible equilibria at 800°C. doi
  238. (1986). Ternary-feldspar mixing relations and thermobarometry.
  239. (1989). Tethyan tectonostratigraphic terranes: Fact or fiction. Terra Abstracts,
  240. (1987). The Alpidic evolution of the Eastern Alps. In: Geodynamics of the Eastern Alps (edited by
  241. (1981). The concept of a steady state foliation. doi
  242. (1979). The Cutting and Polishing of ElectroOptic Materials.
  243. (1987). The development of discrete shear-zones in a granite: stress, strain and changes in deformation mechanisms. doi
  244. (1977). The distribution of NaA1Si308 between co-existing microcline and plagioclase and its effect on geothermic calculations.
  245. (1980). The distribution of ophiolites in the Alps.
  246. (1985). The effect of dislocation density on the aqueous solubility of quartz and some geologic implications: A theoretical approach. doi
  247. (1984). The effect of varying water contents on the creep behaviour of Heavitree quartzite. doi
  248. (1974). The energetics of natural garnet solid solutions. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  249. (1951). The feldspar geological thermometers. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie,
  250. (1985). The Goban Spur transect: Geologic evolution of a sedimentstarved passive continental margin. doi
  251. (1944). The hydrothermal alteration of feldspars doi
  252. (1987). The influence of crystallographic orientation and grain boundary migration on microstructural and textural evolution in an S-C mylonite. doi
  253. (1989). The interaction of deformation and metamorphic process-es within ductile shear zones in the Zentralgneis Complex,
  254. (1976). The interrelations of fluid transport, deformation, geochemistry and heat flow in early proterozoic shear zonesin the Lewisian complex. doi
  255. The metamorphism of dolerite into hornblende schists. doi
  256. (1989). The missing volcanic arc of the Palaeogene Alpine subduction. Terra Abstracts,
  257. (1987). The northern Austroalpine margin during the Jurassic: Breccias from the Rädstadter Tauern and Tarntaler Berge. In: Geodynamics of the Eastern Alps (edited by
  258. (1989). The origin of S"C mylonites and a new fault model. doi
  259. (1983). The partitioning of deformation in flowing rock masses. doi
  260. (1971). The plagioclase - muscovite geothermometer. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR,
  261. (1985). The possible effects of deformation on chemical processes in metamorphic fault zones. In: Metamorphic Reactions: Kinetics, Texures and Deformation (edited by doi
  262. (1986). The Rb-Sr thin slab isochron method: An unreliable geochronologic method for dating geologic events in polymetamorphic terranes? Evidence from the Austroalpine basement nappe, the Eastern Alps. Memorie Dia Scienze Geologiche Padova,
  263. (1984). The role of metamorphic fluid transport in the Rb-Sr isotopic resetting of shear zones: Evidence from Norde Stromfjord, West Greenland. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  264. (1983). The role of the fluid phase during regional metamorphism and deformation. doi
  265. (1969). The stability of staurolite and chloritoid and their significance in the metamorphism of pelitic rocks. Contributions to Mineralogy and doi
  266. (1987). The structural and kinematic development of the AustroalpinePennine boundary in the SE Tauern. Unpublished PhD. Thesis,
  267. (1987). The techniques of Modern Structural Geology. Volume 2: Folds and fractures. doi
  268. (1986). The tectonics of the western and southern Alps: Correlation between surface observations and deep structure. In:
  269. (1972). The two-phase region and excess mixing. properties of paragonite-muscovite crystalline solutions. doi
  270. (1987). The uplift of high-pressure - low-temperature metamorphic rocks. doi
  271. (1989). The uplift of pull-apart metamorphic domes by tectonic unroofing as a consequence of orogen-parallel crustal wrenching. Terra Abstracts,
  272. (1987). The upper Bündner Schiefer of the Tauern Window- A key to understanding Eoalpine orogenic processes in the Eastern Alps. In: Geodynamics of the Eastern Alps (edited by
  273. (1986). The upper mantle structure in the central EuropeanMediterranean region. In: Third EGT Workshop- The Central Segment (edited by
  274. (1977). Theory and applicability of a recrystallized grainsize palaeopiezometer. Pure and Applied Geophysics, doi
  275. (1979). Theory of cooling ages. In: Lectures in Isotope Geology (edited by doi
  276. (1970). Theory of Metasomatic Zoning. doi
  277. (1974). Thermal gradients and regional meta-morphism in overthrust terrains with special reference to the eastern Alps.
  278. (1977). Thermochemistry of high pressure garnets and clinopyroxenes in the system CaO-MgO-A1203-SiO2. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, doi
  279. (1980). Thermochemistry of the high structural state plagioclases. Ceochimica etCosmochimica Acta, doi
  280. (1986). Thermodynamic mixing properties of muscovite - paragonite crystalline solutions at high temperatures and pressures and their geological applications. doi
  281. (1981). Thermodynamics of the garnet -plagioclase - AIIS', Qs, - quartz geobarometer. In: Thermodynamics of Minerals and Melts (edited by doi
  282. (1989). Time and place in Alpine orogenesis- The Fermor Lecture. In: Alpine Tectonics (edited by doi
  283. (1989). Time calibraton of a P-T path from the western Tauern Window, Eastern 218 Alps: The problems of closure temperatures. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  284. (1976). To each plutonic rock its proper name. doi
  285. (1986). Toward a practical plagioclase -muscovite thermometer.
  286. (1981). Towards a more practical two-feldspar geothermometer. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, doi
  287. (1984). Trace element discrimination diagrams for the tectonic interpretation of granitic rocks. doi
  288. (1980). Trace element mobility in the mylonite zone within the ophiolite aureole, doi
  289. (1978). Transformation- and reaction- enhanced ductility in rocks. doi
  290. (1980). Uranium-lead systematics in a regionally metamorphosed tonalite from the Eastern Alps. doi
  291. (1987). Very high pressure metamorphism in the western Alps: Implications for subduction of continental crust. doi
  292. (1980). Zircon and granite petrology. doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.