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Occurrence of Mycoplasma synoviae on commercial poultry farms of Pernambuco, Brazil

By Mércia R. Barros, Elmiro R. Nascimento, José Sérgio A. Silva, José W. Pinheiro Júnior, Sandra B. Santos, Leandro S. Machado, Rita Cássia F. Silva and Rinaldo A. Mota

Abstract

The state of Pernambuco is the largest producer of eggs in the North and Northeast of Brazil and second one in the broiler production. Mycoplasmas are important avian pathogens, which cause respiratory and joint diseases that result in large economic losses. The aim of the present study was to investigate the occurrence of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) and Mycoplasma synoviae (MS) in broilers and commercial laying hens in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil. Tracheal fragments were analyzed from 55 healthy broilers, 35 broilers with respiratory signs and 30 commercial laying hens with respiratory signs, from 24 commercial poultry farms, each sample was composed of a pool of five birds. The bacteriological exam, PCR and nested PCR were used for the detection of Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG) and Mycoplasma synoviae (MS). All samples were negative in bacteriological isolation. In the PCR analyses, seven samples from birds with respiratory signs were positive for MS and one was positive for MG, the latter of which was confirmed as the MG-F vaccine strain. The occurrence of MS in chickens with respiratory signs may indicate inadequate sanitary management on poultry farms, favoring the propagation of mycoplasmosis

Topics: Mycoplasmosis, Mycoplasma synoviae, PCR, broilers, commercial laying hens, diagnosis, Veterinary medicine, SF600-1100
Publisher: Colégio Brasileiro de Patologia Animal (CBPA)
DOI identifier: 10.1590/S0100-736X2014001000005
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:fbef9377614f4435aafcbcc47887cee2
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