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Estimating Friction Coefficient and Fraction of Sliding in Friction Stir Welding

By Zhihan Zhang, Wenya Li and Jinglong Li


The heat generation, contact state, material flow and friction coefficient are all intertwined during friction stir welding\ud (FSW) because of the fully thermomechanical coupling nature of FSW. The value of friction coefficient and the fraction\ud of sliding will dominate heat generation which is the driving force to make the FSW process successful. This work\ud detailedly clarified how to roughly estimate the fraction of sliding and friction coefficient at the tool/workpiece interface.\ud Results showed that friction coefficients in FSW of various materials were in a range of 0.2-0.56. The fraction of sliding\ud was significantly affected by friction coefficient. The fraction of sliding was in a range of about 73-88% for FSW of\ud Al1100-H14 alloy and about 38-65% for FSW of Al7050-T7451 alloy. Moreover, the fraction of sliding increased with\ud decreasing heat input

Topics: Friction stir welding, Heat generation, Contact state, Friction coefficient, Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General), TA1-2040, Technology (General), T1-995
Publisher: Eastern Macedonia and Thrace Institute of Technology
Year: 2014
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