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Most frequent emotional states in convalescent patients of myocardial infarction and its relationship to cardiovascular health state

By María C. García Martín, Yannelis C. Gómez García, Yorsenka Milord Fernández and Raúl A. Herrera Izquierdo

Abstract

Introduction: Patients with myocardial infarction often express emotional states including fear of dying when suffering a cardiovascular event. Objective: To determine the relationship between most frequent emotional states post-myocardial infarction and the compensation degree of somatic health status in patients during convalescence. Method: A prospective study was carried out on 31 patients, selected by (non-probabilistic) purposive sampling, who attended follow-up cardiology consultation at “Hospital Celestino Hernández Robau” from Santa Clara, from September 2014 to March 2015. Document review techniques, interviews, Rotter, IDARE and IDERE tests were applied. Results: Hypertension was the main cardiovascular risk factor (90.3%). There was a male predominance (64.5%) and a partially unbalanced state of somatic health (51.6%), mostly in men (60.0%). Only 25.8% of compensated patients. Generally the average indicator of anxiety and depression predominated; but we found high levels of these emotional states in decompensated and partially unbalanced patients, especially as a state. Conclusions: There was a predominance of partially offset somatic state of health. High levels of anxiety and depression states were identified and it was found the existence of an important relation between anxiety-depression emotional states, and the somatic state of health relating to the cardiovascular system in patients convalescent from myocardial infarction

Topics: Diseases of the circulatory (Cardiovascular) system, RC666-701
Publisher: Cardiocentro Ernesto Che Guevara
Year: 2016
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:2f39b270b9474ae7b6573b41f37b4bb0
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