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An uncommon cause of chest pain – penetrating atherosclerotic aortic ulcer

By Htoo Kyaw, Sanah Sadiq, Arnab Chowdhury, Rashin Gholamrezaee and Linus Yoe

Abstract

Chest pain is a very common symptom and can be of cardiac or non-cardiac origin. It accounts for approximately 5.5 million annual emergency room visits in the United States, according to 2011 CDC data. Penetrating atherosclerotic aortic ulcer (PAU), an uncommon condition, is also a potential cause of chest pain. We here report the case of a 65-year-old woman who presented with atypical chest and back pain. The pain persisted for 4 weeks necessitating two emergency room visits. Initial tests were non-significant including cardiac troponins, an electrocardiogram (EKG), and a chest X-ray on her first visit. Upon her second visit, she underwent a computed tomography angiogram of chest with contrast which revealed a PAU with an intramural hematoma in descending aorta. The PAU was finally diagnosed with an exclusion of other chest pain causes. She was treated non-surgically with a blood pressure control strategy and pain management. After a 2-month period of smoking cessation and following the achievement of a controlled blood pressure, she felt well without chest pain

Topics: chest pain, ischemic heart disease, penetrating atherosclerotic aortic ulcers, hypertension, smoking and tobacco, Internal medicine, RC31-1245
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.3402/jchimp.v6.31506
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:d3bd483bfdfd41479695b36cfb50c1e9
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