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Methods chosen by parents of preschoolers to prevent vitamin D deficiency

By Lucyna Sochocka and Joanna Gruszka


Introduction. Results of the epidemiologic studies conducted\ud over recent years indicate vitamin D deficiency,\ud especially among children and young people. The following\ud factors affecting occurrence of vitamin D deficiency\ud growth should be mentioned: improper lifestyle, using\ud UV filters and inadequate vitamin D intake. The aim of\ud the research was an attempt to evaluate action carried out\ud as part of preschoolers' vitamin d deficiency prophylaxis\ud taken by their parents.\ud Material and the methods. The research was conducted\ud in 2014. The group contained 118 parents of children\ud aged 4–6. The method of the diagnostic survey was utilized\ud in the research with poll used as a technique and\ud author's survey questionnaire provided as a tool. The obtained\ud results of the research underwent statistical analysis.\ud In order to define the existence of the differences or\ud correlations between analyzed immeasurable parameters,\ud chi–square test was used.\ud Results. Most of the interviewed parents supply their\ud children with fish; 14.4% (n=17) do this 2–3 a week;8.5% (n=10) would never serve their children fish. Whole\ud milk, cheese and eggs were most frequently chosen among\ud products containing vitamin D. Children of 93.2%\ud (n=110) of the interviewed parents spend at least two\ud hours a day outdoors from April to September. However,\ud less than 89.8% (n=106) of the parents state that that\ud children’s skin is protected with UV sunscreen at the time.\ud 14.4% (n=17) of the interviewed parents provide their\ud kids with vitamin D on a daily basis, all year around. Cod\ud liver oil is the most common preparation chosen by parents\ud who declared vitamin D supplementation.\ud Conclusions. On-going education of parents concerning\ud nutrition principles of children seems necessary as\ud they are responsible for cultivating good eating habits\ud among the young

Topics: children, lifestyle, child nutrition, fish, vitamin D, Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering, TD1-1066, Medicine, R
Publisher: Institute of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Year: 2015
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