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The effects of acute administration of losartan, angiotensin II type-1 receptor antagonist, on hemodynamics and oxidative stress parameters in malignant hypertensive rats

By Bogunović Natalija, Miloradović Zoran, Jovović Đurđica, Mihailović-Stanojević Nevena, Ivanov Milan, Vajić Una Jovana, Karanović Danijela and Grujić-Milanović Jelica

Abstract

Malignant hypertension is a severe form of hypertension which pathogenesis is not fully elucidated. The aim of our study was to investigate the role of Angiotensin II on hemodynamic and oxidative stress parameters in model of malignant hypertension by using losartan. Adult males were divided into three groups: normotensive Wister rats, control SHR and losartan treated SHR. Control and SHR group received a single bolus dosage of saline, while the SHR + LOS group received a losartan. Blood pressure, cardiac output, both total peripheral and carotid vascular resistance and carotid blood flow were measured. CAT, SOD and TBARS were determined in the blood samples. The treatment significantly decreased the blood pressure. There was no significant change in cardiac output or carotid blood flow, but treatment resulted in diminishment of vascular resistances, both total peripheral and carotid. There was a tendency to restore the values of SOD activity towards those of the normotensive group, but there were no change in CAT and TBARS levels. Taken together, our results show that a single application of losartan has a strong hypotensive effect. Angiotensin II seems to have a significant role in the malignant hypertension syndrome and it partially affects oxidative stress parameters. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. OI 175096

Topics: losartan, malignant hypertension, hemodynamics, oxidative stress, Veterinary medicine, SF600-1100
Publisher: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Belgrade
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.2298/VETGL1506323B
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:ee09a53273684397a1b249e52cfe1c8c
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