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POSSIBILITIES OF DIAGNOSIS OF RADIATION INJURIES AND REHABILITATION OF PATIENTS AFTER COMBINED TREATMENT OF MALIGNANT TUMORS OF THE BREAST

By A. V. Kondakov, M. E. Borodina, O. V. Andrianov and N. I. Rozhkova

Abstract

<p><strong>Purpose.</strong> To develop and introduce into practice health facility individual programs of rehabilitation treatment and rehabilitation after combined treatment of breast cancer with the use of thermal imaging diagnostic method.<br /><strong></strong></p><p><strong>Materials and methods</strong>. The study included 259 women who had undergone combined treatment of breast cancer. The main contingent of the test (82.4%) were middle-aged women from 33 to 59 years old. For an objective diagnosis of the state of post-radiation fibrosis and scarring using modern methods of instrumental diagnostics: Sonoelastography, infrared thermography and thermal imaging diagnostics. In individual cases, to assess the developmental stages of lymphedema using lymphoscintigraphy and MRI.<br /><strong></strong></p><p><strong>Results.</strong> The proposed method of of research of the thermal state of postoperative functional area allows to identify disease and organic components in the form of scars and radiation fibrosis. This method allows to visualize the state of the heat balance on the surface of the skin and evaluate the impact of means of rehabilitation of the thermal regime of post-operative area. Critical thermal asymmetry increase by 2–3 degrees on Celsius indicates negative impact on homeostasis means of rehabilitation of post-operative area.<br /><strong></strong></p><p><strong>Conclusions</strong>. Thermal imaging diagnostics of scares, radiation damage and postmastectomy syndrome is a highly informative method of objective evaluation of the effectiveness of the rehabilitation process and can be recommended for use in specialized medical rehabilitation offices. For this, it developed adhesive-correcting method of prevention and treatment of late radiation damage, fibrosis, and keloids through innovative adhesive ekzoform. Develop a model structure and staffing with specialized rehabilitation rooms for women after combined treatment of breast cancer. Traditional means of rehabilitation (silicone-biological prosthetics) have a number of significant shortcomings in the form of discomfort from the displacement of the prosthesis – 33.6%, a heavy feeling of foreignness and – 43.3%, raising the temperature in the area of operational scar an average of 2.5 degrees. Innovative Rehabilitation (adhesive siliconebiological prosthetics) show a decrease in the incidence of edema of the hand to 8.3% – the emergence of the feeling of comfort and identity in 84.1% -providing reduce body temperature in the operating scar to normal values.</p

Topics: рак молочной железы, комбинированное лечение, реабилитация, Medicine, R
Publisher: QUASAR, LLC
Year: 2016
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:ce070f0123844a1aab14fceded3215fb
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