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INFANTILISM: THEORETICAL CONSTRUCT AND OPERATIONALIZATION

By Yelena V. Sabelnikova and Natalia L. Khmeleva

Abstract

<p class="p1"><strong><span class="s1">The aim </span></strong><span class="s2">of the presented research is to define and operationalize theoretically the concept of infantilism and its construct. The content of theoretical construct «infantilism» is analyzed. </span></p><p class="p1"><strong><span class="s1">Methods</span></strong><span class="s2">. The methods of theoretical research involve analysis and synthesis. The age and content criteria are analysed in the context of childhood and adulthood. The traits which can be interpreted as adult infantile traits are described. </span></p><p class="p1"><strong><span class="s1">Results</span></strong><span class="s2">. The characteristics of adult infantilism in modern world taking into account the increasing of information flows and socio-economic changes are defined. The definition of the concept «infantilism» including its main features is given. Infantilism is defined as the personal organization including features and models of the previous age period not adequate for the real age stage with emphasis on immaturity of the emotional and volitional sphere. </span></p><p class="p1"><span class="s1"><strong>Scientific novelty</strong>. </span><span class="s2">The main psychological characteristics of adulthood are described as the reflection, requirement to work and professional activity, existence of professional self-determination, possession of labor skills, need for selfrealization, maturity of the emotional and volitional sphere. As objective adulthood characteristics are considered the following: transition to economic and territorial independence of a parental family, and also development of new social roles, such as a worker, spouse, and parent. Two options of a possible operationalization of concept are allocated: objective (existence / absence in real human life of objective criteria of adulthood) and subjective (the self-report on subjective feeling of existence / lack of psychological characteristics of adulthood). </span></p><p class="p1"><strong><span class="s1">Practical significance </span></strong><span class="s2">consists in a construct operationalization of «infantilism» which at the moment has so many interpretations. That operationalization is necessary for the further analysis and carrying out various researches. </span></p

Topics: инфантилизм, взрослый, возрастная периодизация, операционализация, Education, L
Publisher: Russian State Vocational Pedagogical University
Year: 2016
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:74a0fb16c93d472fbfebb9bad6c89385
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