<p><strong>Aim:</strong> To estimate results of kidney transplantation in city clinical hospital No. 7 of Almaty.<strong> </strong></p><p><strong>Materials and methods. </strong>100 patients who underwent kidney transplantation in our institution were analyzed; males – 54 (54%), females – 46 (46%), aged from 14 till 58 years old (39 ± 10.3). In 91 cases hand – assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy (HALN) was performed and in 3 cases – open method (2 with mini-lumbotomic and 1 with pararectal access) was used.</p><p><strong>Results</strong>. The survival rate was 98% (98 patients). The causes of death were the nonfunctioning transplant due to noncompliance of immunosuppression, post traumatic septic complications, multiple organ failure. The most frequent complications were hematoma (12%), acute rejection (8%), and tubular necrosis (2%). Less aggressive schemes of immunosuppressive therapy allow reducing risk of drug toxic impact on the patient's organism and, thus, can extend functioning of a transplant.</p><p><strong>Conclusion.</strong> Kidney transplantation is an effective treatment method of end stage renal diseases. The use of modern immunosuppressive therapy protocols and adequate immunological selection of donor – recipient provide high survival of transplants. Operative treatment and further case management of this group of patients are possible in highly specialized medical hospital.</p
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