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Synergetic effects of ciliary neurotrophic factor and olfactory ensheathing cells on optic nerve reparation (complete translation)

By Dan-ping Yin, Qing-ying Chen and Lin Liu

Abstract

At present, there is no effective treatment for the repair of the optic nerve after injury, or improvement of its microenvironment for regeneration. Intravitreally injected ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) and olfactory ensheathing cells (OECs) promote the long-distance regrowth of severed optic nerve fibers after intracranial injury. Here, we examined the efficacy of these techniques alone and in combination, in a rat model of optic nerve injury. We injected condensed OEC suspension at the site of injury, or CNTF into the vitreous body, or both simultaneously. Retrograde tracing techniques showed that 4 weeks postoperatively, the number of surviving retinal ganglion cells and their axonal density in the optic nerve were greater in rats subjected to OEC injection only than in those receiving CNTF injection only. Furthermore, combined OEC + CNTF injection achieved better results than either monotherapy. These findings confirm that OECs are better than CNTF at protecting injured neurons in the eye, but that combined OEC and CNTF therapy is notably more effective than either treatment alone

Topics: nerve regeneration; optic nerve injury; repair; regeneration; olfactory ensheathing cells; ciliary neurotrophic factor; retinal ganglion cells; cell survival; intravitreal injection; retrograde tracing; neural regeneration, Neurology. Diseases of the nervous system, RC346-429
Publisher: Medknow Publications
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.4103/1673-5374.184505
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:9ba2789dbb614f429639ea3260b8adc9
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