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Dissolution behavior of bioactive glass ceramics with different CaO/MgO ratios in SBF-K9 and r-SBF

By M.U. Hashmi and Saqlain A. Shah


In the present work, we studied dissolution behavior of three glass ceramics samples each having 34 SiO2–14.5 P2O5–1 CaF2–0.5 MgF2 (%wt) and ratio of CaO/MgO varying from 11.5:1 to 1:11.5 in conventional SBF (SBF-K9) and revised SBF (r-SBF) that has ionic concentration exactly equal to that of human blood plasma. For that purpose, samples were immersed in fluids for different time periods upto 25 days. Thin film XRD analysis revealed the diffusive nature of the phases on the surfaces of samples after soaking for different time periods in r-SBF. It showed the poor precipitation and small thickness of the HCAp layer on the samples as compared to that in SBF-K9, thus indicating the fitness and sensitivity of r-SBF for in-vitro characterization of samples. AAS, FTIR and EDS revealed slow bonding rate on the surfaces of the samples in r-SBF than that in SBF-K9 that showed the dependence of bond formation on the composition of the materials as well as on the physiological fluid used for in-vitro characterization. The rate of HCAp formation was slower in r-SBF due to more competitive adsorption of CO3− ions to Ca and Mg ions owing to greater amount of CO3− in r-SBF than that in SBF-K9. It shows the importance of CO3− content in the physiological fluids for the in-vitro assessment of samples. So, r-SBF is recommended to be used for assessment of samples to clearly understand their behavior in-vivo

Topics: Dissolution behavior, SBF-K9, r-SBF, Materials of engineering and construction. Mechanics of materials, TA401-492
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.pnsc.2014.07.004
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