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Characterization of myrtle seed (Myrtus communis var. baetica) as a source of lipids, phenolics, and antioxidant activities

By Wissem Aidi Wannes and Brahim Marzouk

Abstract

This study aimed to characterize the chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the oil and the methanolic extract of Myrtus communis var. baetica seed. The oil yield of myrtle seed was 8.90%, with the amount of neutral lipid, especially triacylglycerol, being the highest, followed by phospholipids and glycolipids. Total lipids and all lipid classes were rich in linoleic acid. The content of total phenols, flavonoids, tannins, and proanthocyanidins of the methanolic extract and the oil from myrtle seed was determined using spectrophotometric methods. Antioxidant activities of the oil and the methanolic extract from myrtle seed were evaluated using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging, β-carotene–linoleic acid bleaching, and reducing power and metal chelating activity assays. In all tests, the methanolic extract of myrtle seed showed better antioxidant activity than oil. This investigation could suggest the use of myrtle seed in food, industrial, and biomedical applications for its potential metabolites and antioxidant abilities

Topics: antioxidant activity, fatty acids, lipids, Myrtus communis var. baetica, oil, polyphenols, seed, Nutrition. Foods and food supply, TX341-641, Therapeutics. Pharmacology, RM1-950
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.jfda.2015.11.001
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:1c8ce99899d94d3090737c0097413e4f
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