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Simultaneous determination of silver and other heavy metals in aquatic environment receiving wastewater from industrial area, applying an enrichment method

By Naeemullah, Tasneem Gul Kazi, Hassan Imran Afridi, Faheem Shah, Sadaf Sadia Arain, Kapil Dev Brahman, Jamshed Ali and Mariam S. Arain

Abstract

In the present study, silver (Ag), cadmium (Cd), nickel (Ni), cobalt (Co) and lead (Pb) were simultaneously determined in water samples of fresh water canal receiving untreated effluents from an industrial area, of Sindh Pakistan. The analytes in the water sample were determined by CPE using ammonium pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (APDC) as a complexing agent and then entrapped in non-ionic surfactant, octylphenoxypolyethoxyethanol (Triton X-114). The surfactant rich phase was diluted with acidic ethanol prior to analysis by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The variables affecting the complexation and extraction steps such as pH of sample solution, concentration of oxine and Triton X-114, equilibration temperature and time period for shaking were investigated in detail. The validation of the procedure was carried out by analysis of a certified reference sample of water (CRM1634e). Reliability of the proposed method was also checked by the standard addition method in a real sample at three concentration levels of all metals. Under the optimum conditions, the preconcentration of 10 mL sample solutions, allowed preconcentration factor of 20-fold. The lower limit of detection obtained for Ag, Cd, Ni, Co and Pb was 0.42, 0.48, 0.92, 0.62, and 1.42 μg L−1, respectively. The proposed procedure was successfully applied to waste and fresh water samples for simultaneous determination of different metals. The concentration of Ag, Cd, Ni, Co and Pb has shown a decreased trend from 46.5–6.96, 23.0–8.92, 30.2–12.8, 14.2–4.45 and 15.3–5.32 μg L−1, respectively from initial entrance of waste water along the downstream of canal

Topics: Waste water, Cloud Point extraction, Heavy metal, Ammonium pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate, Flame atomic absorption spectrometry, Chemistry, QD1-999
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.arabjc.2014.10.027
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:9b86546110a04f6da277348ebc8c3ad0
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