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A Study on the Performance of the Saffron Separator for Different Air Flows

By Abbas Moghanizadeh and Mehdi Neshat

Abstract

Saffron, the dried stigmas of Crocus sativus, is extremely appreciated for its extraordinary color, taste and aroma. At the present time, nearly all the saffron harvest and post harvest processes are carried out manually. To increase the quality and development of economic role of saffron, it is essential to go beyond the traditional method of harvest of saffron. Considering that saffron components terminal velocities are different, a separator is planned and constructed to separate stigma from other parts of saffron flower. This separator is designed on the basis of aerodynamic and physical properties of saffron flower. The purpose of this study is to analyze the performance of a saffron separator for different air flows to increase the level of automation and efficiency of post-harvest operations. The results show that the maximum stigma separation happens when the air flow speed in outlet B is 3 m/s. finally, this data will be applied to find the optimum areas of outlet B and D, as two main parameters which have significant effect on the efficiency of saffron separator

Topics: Saffron Stigma, Aerodynamic properties, Air flow speed, Anther, Agriculture, S, Agriculture (General), S1-972
Publisher: Turkish Science and Tecnology (TST)
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:ff69b2ed7c114f7d8d8305df74de2f84
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