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A current view of serotonin transporters [version 1; referees: 3 approved]

By Louis J. De Felice

Abstract

Serotonin transporters (SERTs) are largely recognized for one aspect of their function—to transport serotonin back into the presynaptic terminal after its release. Another aspect of their function, however, may be to generate currents large enough to have physiological consequences. The standard model for electrogenic transport is the alternating access model, in which serotonin is transported with a fixed ratio of co-transported ions resulting in net charge per cycle. The alternating access model, however, cannot account for all the observed currents through SERT or other monoamine transporters.  Furthermore, SERT agonists like ecstasy or antagonists like fluoxetine generate or suppress currents that the standard model cannot support.  Here we survey evidence for a channel mode of transport in which transmitters and ions move through a pore. Available structures for dopamine and serotonin transporters, however, provide no evidence for a pore conformation, raising questions of whether the proposed channel mode actually exists or whether the structural data are perhaps missing a transient open state

Topics: Behavioral Neuroscience, Biomacromolecule-Ligand Interactions, Cell Signaling & Trafficking Structures, Drug Discovery & Design, Membrane Proteins & Energy Transduction, Membranes & Sorting, Molecular Pharmacology, Mood Disorders, Neuronal & Glial Cell Biology, Neuronal Signaling Mechanisms, Neuropharmacology & Psychopharmacology, Protein Chemistry & Proteomics, Medicine, R, Biology (General), QH301-705.5
Publisher: F1000 Research Ltd
Year: 2016
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:0c7ae2fbd1ce49a9a8e5ef4c8ca3e42d
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