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Hypoglycemia in Emergency Department

By Yu-Jang Su and Chia-Jung Liao

Abstract

Objective: To study the epidemiology, etiologies and prognostic factors of hypoglycemia. Methods: A retrospective chart review of hypoglycemic cases from December, 2009 to February, 2012 was conducted to gather the following patient data: age, gender, vital signs at triage, white blood cell count, serum glucose, C-reactive protein, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, creatinine, sodium, potassium, past history of liver cirrhosis, uremia, concomitant infection, concomitant cancer/malignancy, length of stay, lack of recent meal, status of acute renal failure and concomitant stroke. A total of 186 cases were enrolled in our study. We analyzed the data using commercial statistics software (SPSS for Windows, version 11.0, SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL). We used the Student's t-test and χ2 test for the statistical analyses, and significance was set at a P value less than 0.05. Results: Hypoglycemia is related to several co-morbidities. In total, 10.2% of the patients had liver cirrhosis and 7.0% had uremia. More than half (55.4%) were bacterial infection during hospitalization. Acute renal failure accounted for 26.3% of the hypoglycemic episodes. In addition to the etiology of infection, the lack of a recent meal accounted for 44.6% hypoglycemic episodes. A total of 2.2% of the cases resulted from an acute cerebrovascular accident. Approximately 8.6% were concomitant with malignancy. Conclusions: When hypoglycemic patients present in the emergency department, physicians should pay attention to the presence of infection, malignancy, liver diseases (liver cirrhosis and biliary tract infection), and acute renal failure

Topics: Hypoglycemia, Liver cirrhosis, Acute renal failure, Infection, Mortality rate, Medical emergencies. Critical care. Intensive care. First aid, RC86-88.9
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.1016/S2221-6189(14)60085-8
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:7b95ec99d2b64d5eb95628f0b9aaf56d
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