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Challenges in uncomplicated acute appendicitis

By Fernando Resende, Ana Beatriz Almeida, José Costa Maia and Renato Bessa Melo

Abstract

Acute appendicitis is one of the most common abdominal emergencies requiring surgery. It still represents, however, a challenging diagnosis. In order to facilitate this process, several scoring systems were developed, namely, the Alvarado score, acute inflammatory response and Raja Isteri Pengiran Anak Saleha Appendicitis scores, which are the most used in clinical practice. This clinical condition encompasses a wide spectrum of clinical presentations, from the uncomplicated form to the one with diffuse peritonitis. Treatment of uncomplicated acute appendicitis remains a matter of discussion. Although appendectomy has been regarded as the gold-standard, conservative management with antibiotics is gaining more and more acceptance. The approach to appendectomy constitutes another controversial issue, namely, its performance through an open or a laparoscopic approach, which seems to be establishing itself, in some centers, as the standard of care. With this paper, we intend to give some insight on the aforementioned topics, through a review of the available literature on uncomplicated appendicitis

Topics: Appendicitis, Intra-abdominal infections, Laparoscopy, Diagnostic scores, Operative procedure, Anti-bacterial agents, Medical emergencies. Critical care. Intensive care. First aid, RC86-88.9
Publisher: Elsevier
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.joad.2015.11.002
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:4a217f8d7cd0467f80e1e1aa92c927f0
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