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PERAN PNPM DALAM UPAYA MOBILITASI MASYARAKAT MISKIN DI KOTA SEMARANG

By Rafika Bayu Kusumandari

Abstract

<p class="IsiAbstract"><span class="hps"><span lang="IN">This study aimed to</span></span><span lang="IN"> <span class="hps">describe the role of</span> <span class="hps">PNPM</span> <span class="hps">Mandiri</span> <span class="hps">in</span> <span class="hps">the economic</span> <span class="hps">and</span> <span class="hps">social aspects</span> <span class="hps">in an attempt</span> <span class="hps">social</span> <span class="hps">mobility</span> <span class="hps">for the poor</span>, and <span class="hps">describes</span> <span class="hps">the driving</span> <span class="hps">and inhibiting</span> <span class="hps">social</span> <span class="hps">mobility</span> <span class="hps">PNPM</span> <span class="hps">efforts</span> <span class="hps">for the poor</span>. <span class="hps">This study</span> <span class="hps">used a qualitative approach</span>. <span class="hps">The research was</span> <span class="hps">conducted</span> <span class="hps">in the</span> <span class="hps">Village</span> <span class="hps">Mangunsari</span>, District <span class="hps">Gunungpati</span>, <span class="hps">Semarang.</span> <span class="hps">In</span> <span class="hps">PNPM</span> <span class="hps">program</span>, the <span class="hps">activities</span> <span class="hps">fostered</span> <span class="hps">the</span> <span class="hps">activities</span> of <span class="hps">Tri</span>daya <span class="hps">(</span>Engineering <span class="hps">/</span> <span class="hps">Environmental</span>, Social <span class="hps">and Economic</span>). <span class="hps">Guidance</span> <span class="hps">for each</span> <span class="hps">village</span> <span class="hps">conducted</span> <span class="hps">at</span> <span class="hps">BKM</span> <span class="hps">respective</span> <span class="hps">wards.</span> <span class="hps">From the research</span>, <span class="hps">it can be concluded</span> <span class="hps">that:</span> <span class="hps">(1)</span> <span class="hps">PNPM</span> <span class="hps">program</span> <span class="hps">is effective enough to</span> <span class="hps">mobilize</span> <span class="hps">poverty</span> <span class="hps">in the city of</span> <span class="hps">Semarang</span> <span class="hps">with</span> <span class="hps">Tri</span>daya’s <span class="hps">program</span>. <span class="hps">(2)</span> <span class="hps">Increasing</span> <span class="hps">public</span> <span class="hps">welfare</span> <span class="hps">with the</span> <span class="hps">PNPM</span> <span class="hps">program</span>. <span class="hps">And (3)</span> <span class="hps">However,</span> <span class="hps">the</span> <span class="hps">PNPM</span> <span class="hps">has not been</span> <span class="hps">able to</span> <span class="hps">make people aware</span> <span class="hps">not to</span> <span class="hps">consider themselves</span> <span class="hps">poor.</span> <span class="hps">Advice</span>: <span class="hps">Need for</span> <span class="hps">a more</span> <span class="hps">intensive</span> <span class="hps">coaching</span> <span class="hps">to the public</span> <span class="hps">the awareness</span> <span class="hps">to not</span> <span class="hps">call them</span> <span class="hps">poor</span>, <span class="hps">and this program</span> <span class="hps">would be very</span> <span class="hps">good</span> <span class="hps">if</span> <span class="hps">implemented</span> <span class="hps">continually</span>.</span></p><p class="IsiAbstract"><span lang="IN">Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan peranan PNPM Mandiri pada aspek ekonomi dan aspek sosial dalam upaya mobilitas sosial bagi masyarakat miskin; dan mendeskripsikan pendorong dan penghambat PNPM dalam usaha mobilitas sosial bagi masyarakat miskin. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Penelitian ini dilakukan di wilayah Kelurahan Mangunsari, Kecamatan Gunungpati, Kota Semarang. Pada program PNPM ini, kegiatan yang dibina pada kegiatan Tri daya (Teknik / Lingkungan, Sosial dan Ekonomi). Pembinaan untuk masing-masing kelurahan dilakukan pada BKM masing-masing kelurahan. Dari hasil penelitian, dapat disimpulkan bahwa : (1) Program PNPM cukup efektif untuk memobilisasi kemiskinan di Kota Semarang dengan program Tri dayanya. (2) Kesejahte­raan masyarakat semakin meningkat dengan adanya program PNPM. Dan (3) Namun demikian, adanya PNPM belum bias menyadarkan masyarakat untuk tidak menganggap dirinya miskin. Saran: Perlu adanya pembinaan yang lebih intensif kepada masyarakat akan kesadaran untuk tidak menyebut dirinya miskin, dan program ini akan sangat bagus jika dilaksanakan secara berlanjut.</span></p><p class="IsiAbstract"><span lang="IN"><br /></span></p

Topics: PNPM, Tridaya’s Program, Economic growth, development, planning, HD72-88
Publisher: Universitas Negeri Semarang
Year: 2015
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:1f0daa1a35404e59908d971784392492
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