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Breeding of a high yielding chamomile variety (Matricaria recutita L.) with improved traits for machine harvesting

By Sebastian Albrecht, Marlis Sonnenschein and Andreas Plescher

Abstract

A more productive variety of chamomile (Matricaria recutita L.), which is more efficient in machine processing with consistent quality traits, will benefit the viability of german products in the global market. Breeding of an enhanced chamomile variety is part of a german multi-network project called KAMEL whose research aims on Matricaria recutita L., Valeriana officinalis L. and Melissa officinalis L. The agronomic and qualitative improvement of these speciality crops are the basis for further economic prosperity of medicinal and aromatic plant cultivation in Germany.\ud The main breeding goals of a new variety of chamomile are the increase of blossom product yield (Matricariae flos) to 6 dt/ha in up to three harvest stages through a homogenous flower horizon (pick height), an even flowering time, large flower heads and a high regeneration rate after each harvest stage. The upgrade of the content of essential oil content to a minimum of 0.8 % with its compostion according to Ph. Eur. and a chamazulene content of min. 25 % are further objectives of the breeding process. In addition to these quality traits, high tolerances against common fungal diseases are of particular interest. Development of an innovative chamomile variety is realized over nine years in three stages (2010 - 2019)

Topics: medicinal and aromatic plants, chamomille, breeding, yield, quality, machine processing, Agriculture, S, Botany, QK1-989
Publisher: Julius Kühn-Institut
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.5073/jka.2016.453.048
OAI identifier: oai:doaj.org/article:de7f3e125f9a4739a2241b535c2b8a75
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