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Preserved Error-Monitoring in Borderline Personality Disorder Patients with and without Non-Suicidal Self-Injury Behaviors

By Daniel Vega, Adrià Vilà-Balló, Angel Soto, Julià L. Amengual, Joan Ribas, Rafael Torrubia, Antoni Rodríguez Fornells and Josep Marco Pallarés

Abstract

Background: The presence of non-suicidal self-injury acts in Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is very prevalent. These behaviors are a public health concern and have become a poorly understood phenomenon in the community. It has been proposed that the commission of non-suicidal self-injury might be related to a failure in the brain network regulating executive functions. Previous studies have shown that BPD patients present an impairment in their capacity to monitor actions and conflicts associated with the performance of certain actions, which suppose an important aspect of cognitive control. Method: We used Event Related Potentials to examine the behavioral and electrophysiological indexes associated with the error monitoring in two BPD outpatients groups (17 patients each) differentiated according to the presence or absence of non-suicidal self-injury behaviors. We also examined 17 age- and intelligence- matched healthy control participants. Results: The three groups did not show significant differences in event-related potentials associated with errors (Error-Related Negativity and Pe) nor in theta power increase following errors. Conclusions: This is the first study investigating the behavioral and electrophysiological error monitoring indexes in BPD patients characterized by their history of non-suicidal self-injury behaviors. Our results show that error monitoring is preserved in BPD patients and suggest that non-suicidal self-injury acts are not related to a dysfunction in the cognitive control mechanisms

Topics: Trastorns de la personalitat, Conducta (Psicologia), Trastorns límits de la personalitat, Personality disorders, Human behavior, Borderline personality disorder
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1371/journal.pone.0143994
OAI identifier: oai:diposit.ub.edu:2445/100207
Journal:

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