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The role of Xpert MTB/RIF in diagnosing pulmonary tuberculosis in post-mortem tissues

By Alberto L. García-Basteiro, Mamudo R. Ismail, Carla Carrilho, Esperança Ussene, Paola Castillo, Dércio Chitsungo, Cristina Rodríguez, Lucilia Lovane, Andrea Vergara, Elisa López Varela, Inácio Mandomando, Cesaltina Lorenzoni, Jaume Ordi i Majà, Clara Menéndez, Quique Bassat Orellana and Miguel Julián Martínez Yoldi

Abstract

The extent to which the Xpert MTB/RIF (Gene Xpert) contributes to tuberculosis (TB) diagnosis in samples other than sputum and cerebrospinal fluid remains uncertain. We aimed to assess the role of Xpert MTB/RIF for detecting M. tuberculosis in post-mortem tissues. We conducted a study among 30 complete diagnostic autopsies (CDA) performed at the Maputo Central Hospital (Mozambique). Lung tissues were screened for TB in all cases. In addition other tissues were tested when compatible lesions were identified in the histological exam. We used in-house real time PCR and LAMP assays to confirm the presence of M. tuberculosis DNA. The diagnosis of tuberculosis at death was established based on microbiological and histopathological results. Eight out of 30 cases (26.7%) were diagnosed of tuberculosis. Xpert had a sensitivity to detect TB in lung tissue of 87.5% (95% CI 47.3-99.7) and a specificity of 95.7% (95% CI: 78.1-99.9). In-house DNA amplification methods and Xpert showed 93.6% concordance for lung tissue and 100% concordance for brain and liver tissues. The final cause of death was attributable to tuberculosis in four cases. Xpert MTB/RIF may represent a valuable, easy-to perform technique for post-mortem TB diagnosis

Topics: Bacteriologia, Microbiologia mèdica, Malalties infeccioses, Bacteriology, Medical microbiology, Communicable diseases
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1038/srep20703
OAI identifier: oai:diposit.ub.edu:2445/96870
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