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Cross-Cultural Differences in Grudge-Holding

By Leigh Kloss

Abstract

The current research investigated cross-cultural differences in holding grudges, and the effects grudge-holding may have on religiosity, stress, and well-being. Two studies were conducted: an online questionnaire administered to participants from both collectivistic, Eastern cultures and individualistic, Western cultures inquiring about current personal grudges, and a laboratory study to induce grudges in East Asian and American participants against culturally matched confederates. Results in Study 1 were inconclusive. Results in Study 2 reflected cultural differences; American participants held more ill will against the confederates than the East Asian participants. Though the East Asian participants' scores decreased at each test time, they still did not appear to hold any ill will against the confederates. Significant relationships between culture, stress, and well-being were found, though some hypotheses were contradicted. Potential cultural explanations for the findings are explored

Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:triceratops.brynmawr.edu:10066/14699
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