Skip to main content
Article thumbnail
Location of Repository

Discursive strategies for political survival : a critical discourse analysis of Thai no confidence debates

By Savitri Gadavanij

Abstract

This thesis argues that the aggressive and informal style of discourse used in Thai parliamentary debates is a product of the Thai political sphere, serving clear functions In its context. Adopting the approach of Critical Discourse Analysis, the thesis presents discourse as socially constituted as well as socially constitutive. The research employs a two level analysis to explore this hypothesis. At the macro level, Critical Discourse Analysis and the Sociocognitive Approach are operationalised to investigate the socio-political conditions that prompt this 'unparliamentary' mode of parliamentary discourse. At the micro level, politeness theory and pragmatics are\ud employed to investigate the potential functions that small linguistic features may serve under such social conditions. Five sample accusatory speeches and two sample respondent speeches from recent debates are selected for close textual analysis using this approach.\ud \ud It is argued that the unparliamentary style of the debates' discourse is the result of discursive strategies used in politicians' speeches. These strategies are textual evidence of sociocultural practice and discourse practice. They reflect the speakers' attempts to subvert three competing conjunctures in the Thai political domain: the debate's formal and actual purposes, its Code of\ud Behaviour, and its multiple audiences. Debaters need to balance three contending purposes: the desire of highly partisan participants to cause maximum damage to the opposing side, their attempts to seek public support (including the maintenance of face), and their need to stay within the parliamentary Code of Behaviour.\ud \ud This thesis identifies a number of strategies that potentially serve these conflicting purposes, for\ud example, intertextuality, enthymeme and prolepsis/disclaimer. These findings lead to the\ud conclusion that an unparliamentary debating style, constituted of small, seemingly insignificant\ud linguistic features, carries larger social implications. Despite being a reflection of social conditions, this debating style has the potential to redefine these conditions. Thai no-confidence debates offer an accomplished parliamentary speaker the opportunity to achieve apparently contradictory political and linguistic ends, within the same tightly-crafted speech.\ud \u

Publisher: Linguistics & Phonetics (Leeds)
Year: 2002
OAI identifier: oai:etheses.whiterose.ac.uk:803

Suggested articles

Citations

  1. 1). Selectionsfrom the Prison Notebooks ofAntonio
  2. (1995). 9 Samak Sundaravej's speech,
  3. (1996). A Tale of Two Democracies: Conflicting Perceptions of Elections and Democracy in Thailand'.
  4. (2001). a). 'Text and Context of Parliamentary Debates'. doi
  5. (1984). Agreeing and Disagreeing with Assessments: Some Features of Preferred/ Dispreferred Turn-Shapes. In doi
  6. (1998). An Intercultural Reading and Critical Analysis of the Discipline of Educational Psychology. Unpublished PhD thesis.
  7. (1995). An Introduction to Language and Society. London: Routledge. 2"d edn.
  8. (1992). An Invitation to Reflexive Sociology. doi
  9. (2002). An Overview of Political Reform Issues'.
  10. (1993). Analysing Genre: Language Use in Professional Settings. doi
  11. (2000). Analysis of Chuan'S Political Desire: Angel or Devil [pha tanha kanmuang. - thephabut ru satan thang kanmuangl.
  12. (1998). Approaches to Media Discourse.
  13. (1997). Argumentation'. doi
  14. (2002). Ayutthaya: Rising from Land or Sea? '. Paper presented at
  15. (2000). Backstage Matador [Hua Cheuak Wua Chon . Bangkok: Thailand I Research Fund.
  16. (2002). Balancing the Checks: Thailand's Paralysed Governance Post-
  17. (1999). Benefactor[thi phungl. in Suwanna Satha-anand and Nuangnoi Bunyanet
  18. (1997). Buddhist Political Perspective [thatsana thang kanmuang khong phutta satsana].
  19. (1991). Choo (199 1). 'Personality Politics in Thailand'. Southeast Asian Affairs doi
  20. (2000). Clientship and Class Structure in the Early Bangkok Period' [rabop upatham lae khrong sang sangkhom nai yuk ton rattanakosin],
  21. (1976). Cohesion in English. doi
  22. (1991). Constitution of the Kingdom of Thailand BE.
  23. (1998). Conversation Analysis: Principles, Practices and Applications.
  24. (1994). Corruption and Democracy in Thailand. Bangkok:
  25. (1995). Critical Discourse Analysis. doi
  26. (2001). Critical Discourse Analysis', doi
  27. (1997). Critical Discourse Analysis'. doi
  28. (1997). Critique ofPolitical and Historical Literature [bot phijan wa duai wannakam thang kanmuang lae prawattisat/.
  29. (2002). Damning with Faint Praise: The Case of No-Confidence Debate in Thailand'. Paper presented at The 8"'
  30. (1997). Dictionary ofLinguistics and Phonetics.
  31. (1983). Discourse Analysis. Cambridge: doi
  32. (1992). Discourse and Social Change. Cambridge: doi
  33. (1999). Discourse in Late Modernity: Rethinking Critical Discourse Analysis. Edinburgh: doi
  34. (2002). Discourse Knowledge and Ideology: Reformulating Old Questions'. Paper for LAUD
  35. (1982). Discourse Strategies. Cambridge: doi
  36. (1993). Discourse Studies: An Introductory Textbook. doi
  37. (2000). Discourse, Social Theory and Social Research: The Discourse of Welfare Reform'. doi
  38. (1993). Discourse'. doi
  39. (2000). Doing Pragmatics. doi
  40. (1998). Duangjit Kojaroenwat and Nathapom Worapunyatrakul
  41. (1997). Electoral Politics: Commercialisation and Exclusion'.
  42. (2001). Ethics and Politics in the Art of Thai Boxing', Paper presented at the Association for Asian Studies Annual Meeting (AAS).
  43. (1989). Formal Forms and Discernment: Two Neglected Aspects of Universals of Linguistic Politeness'. doi
  44. (1973). Freud entre deux topiques: Le cornique apres I'humour, une analyse inachevee'.
  45. (1978). Further Notes on LogIc and Conversation'. doi
  46. (2000). Grice's Cooperative Principle: Getting the Meaning Across', in Leeds Working Paper in Linguistics and Phonetics 8,1-26. 271 De
  47. (1992). House of Representatives Secretariat
  48. (1993). How Not to Answer Questions in Political Interviews'. doi
  49. (1962). How to Do Things with Words. doi
  50. (1999). htm (Department of Land) retrieved on 28
  51. (1995). Humorous Face Threatening Acts: Humor as Strategy'. doi
  52. (1967). Interaction Ritual: Essays on Face-to-Face Behaviour. Garden City, doi
  53. (1986). Interviewer's Questions in Broadcast Interviews'. BeĆ½fast Working Papers in
  54. (1994). Introduction to Functional Grammar. doi
  55. (2000). Irony as Relevant Inappropriateness'. doi
  56. (1996). Justice, Nature and the Geography ofDifference.
  57. (1997). Karma'[Kam]. In Suwanna Satha-anand and Nuangnol Bunyanet
  58. (1999). Key Terms in Thai Thoughts [kham. - rongroi khwam khit khwam cheua thai].
  59. (1979). Language and Control. doi
  60. (1997). Language and Politics: Indirectness in Political Discourse'. doi
  61. (1990). Language and Power: Exploring Political Culture in Indonesia. Ithaca: doi
  62. (1975). Language and Woman's Place. doi
  63. (1979). Language as Ideology. doi
  64. (1999). Language, Society and Power: An Introduction. doi
  65. (1993). Laughing Matters: An Essay on the Comic. doi
  66. (1968). Le Comique du Discours. Brussels: Universite de Bruxelles.
  67. (1996). Leekpai's opening speech,
  68. (1999). Letting go' [plongl.
  69. (2000). Local Godfathers III Thai Politics'.
  70. (1975). Logic and Conversation'. doi
  71. (1995). Magazines Arthit 1- 18
  72. (1985). Man-Made Language. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. Srisak Walliphodorn
  73. (1979). Meaning and Expression. Cambridge: doi
  74. (1995). Meaning in Interaction: An Introduction to Pragmatics. doi
  75. (1995). Members of the House ofRepresentatives BE 2538 [thamniep samachik saphaphuthaen ratsadon phutthasakkarat 2538]. Bangkok: Parliament. House of Representatives Secretariat
  76. (1972). Models of the Interaction of Language and Social Life'. doi
  77. (1989). Necessary Illusion.
  78. (1999). Never Mind' [mai pen rai].
  79. (1993). New Rules of Sociological Method: A Positive Critique ofInterpretive Sociologies. Cambridge: Polity Press. doi
  80. (1988). News as Discourse. London: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  81. (1997). News Issue Opening and the News-Making Process ofPolitical Reporters [kan poet praden khao lae krabuan kan tham khao khong phusuekhao kanmuangl,
  82. (1974). Of Grammatology. doi
  83. (1973). Opening Up Closing'. doi
  84. (1977). Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge: doi
  85. (1996). Parliamentary Debate Transcription.
  86. (1978). Policing the Crisis: Mugging the State and Law and Order. doi
  87. (1992). Politeness in Thai'. doi
  88. (1990). Politeness Phenomena in Modem Chinese'. doi
  89. (1987). Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge: doi
  90. (1995). Political Creatures in Globalisation Age [sat kanmuangyuk lokcinuwat].
  91. (1987). Political History'.
  92. (1993). Political Language and Textual Vagueness'.
  93. (1990). Politically Speaking. - The Pragmatic Analysis ofPolitical Language. doi
  94. (2000). Politics and the Press in Thailand. - Media Machinations. doi
  95. (1978). Politics is all about Desire [kanmuang ruang tanha].
  96. (2000). Pollwatching, Elections and Civil Society in Southeast Asia. doi
  97. (1983). Pragmatics. Cambridge:
  98. (1983). Principles ofPragmatics.
  99. (1989). Questions in Political Broadcast Interviews'.
  100. (2001). Racism at the Top. Parliamentary Discourses on Ethnic Issues in Six Europrean States.
  101. (1996). Rice, Rule and the Tai State'.
  102. (1996). Roles of the Opposition in the Chuan Leekpai'S Government, unpublished thesis
  103. (1997). Social Cognition and Discourse' doi
  104. (1988). Social Semiotics. Cambridge: doi
  105. (1969). Speech Acts. Cambridge: doi
  106. (1983). Strategies ofDiscourse Comprehension. doi
  107. (1989). Structural Transformation of the Public Sphere: An Inquiry into a Category ofBourgeois Society; translated by Burger, T. Cambridge: doi
  108. (1994). Talking Humour Seriously. doi
  109. (1987). Thai Radical Discourse: The Real Face of Thai Feudalism Today. doi
  110. (1982). Thai Social Structure and Issues concerning Agriculturists in National Development' [khronsang sangkhom thai lae panha kieukap kasetakon nai kan phattana],
  111. (1984). Thai Voting Behaviour [phrutikam kan long khanaen siang leuaktang khong khon thai].
  112. (1993). Thailand in 1992: In Search of a Democratic Order'. doi
  113. (1995). Thailand in 1994: The Trials of Transition' doi
  114. (1996). Thailand in 1995: Open Society, Dynamic Economy, Troubled Politics', doi
  115. (1997). Thailand in 1996: Economic Slowdown, Clouds' Year' doi
  116. (1997). Thailand in Crisis: A Study of the Political Turmoil ofMay
  117. (1990). Thailand: Democracy Ascendant in the Golden Peninsula'. doi
  118. (1997). Thailand: The Craffing of Democracy'. Southeast Asian Affairs doi
  119. (1979). Thailand: The Politics ofDespotic Paternalism.
  120. (1998). Thailand's Boom and Bust. doi
  121. (1992). Thailand's Two General Elections doi
  122. (1997). Thalang
  123. (2002). The
  124. (1972). The Archaeology ofKnowledge.
  125. (1993). The Blade of the Honey- Coated Razor: Rhetoric of the Prime Minister Chuan Leekpai [khom mit kon ap nam phueng: watha nayokratthamontri Chuan Leekpai].
  126. (1996). The Communication ofPolitics. doi
  127. (1993). The Discourse of Democracy in Thailand'
  128. (2002). The First Political Complaint Concerning the Poll Fraud in the Election of Members of the Parliament in Thailand: A Case Study of Isan', Paper presented at the Southeast Asian Colloquium,
  129. (1994). The Fourth Rank From Global System to Thai State [thanandon thi si. -jak rabop lok thung rat thai].
  130. (1993). The Impasse of Perlocution'. doi
  131. (1995). The Improvement ofParliamentary Committee's Efficiency [kan prapprung kan thamngan khong khana kanmathikan khong sapha hai mi prasithiphap] Bangkok: Thailand Research Fund.
  132. (1997). The Incongruity of Jokes, Riddles and Humorous Situations'. in doi
  133. (1985). The Language ofHumor.
  134. (1998). The Language ofHumour.
  135. (2000). The Language ofPolitics.
  136. (1988). The Man who would be Prime Minister'.
  137. (2001). The Politics ofRepresentations: Thai Migrant Women's Negotiation ofIdentity. unpublished PhD thesis.
  138. (1996). The Rise of the Rural Network Politician: Will Thailand's New Elite EndureT. Asian Survey xxxvi (9), 924-94 1. 276 Roengsak Kamthon doi
  139. (1997). The Story of Discourse Analysis'. in van Dijk doi
  140. (1990). The Structuring ofPedagogic Discourse. - Class, Codes and Control (vol IV). doi
  141. (1997). The Study of Discourse'. doi
  142. (1994). The Thai Nation, Thailand, Textbooks and Monuments.
  143. (1984). The Theory of Communicative Action.
  144. (1996). Through Raucous Debate, Thailand Applies the Rule of Law',
  145. (1978). Towards a Model of Text Comprehension and Production'. doi
  146. (1975). Towards an Analysis ofDiscourse: the English Used by Teachers and Pupils. London: doi
  147. (1996). Towards an Anatomy of Impoliteness'. doi
  148. (1996). Tracing Politicians [kae roi nak kan muangl.
  149. (2000). Unwanted to tell [ruang mai yak lao],
  150. (1992). Vote-buying: More than a "Sale"',
  151. (1996). Wit and Humour in Mass Communication'.
  152. (1996). Your Grateful Banham Silpa-archa Leader of the Opposition in the House of Representatives Leader of Chart Thai Party 295 APPENDIX 4 House of Representatives Uthong Nai Road Dusit BKK.

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.