We study the existence of traces of Besov spaces on fractal h-sets Γ with a special focus on assumptions necessary for this existence; in other words, we present criteria for the non-existence of traces. In that sense our paper can be regarded as an extension of Bricchi (2004) and a continuation of Caetano (2013). Closely connected with the problem of existence of traces is the notion of dichotomy in function spaces: We can prove that—depending on the function space and the set Γ —there occurs an alternative: either the trace on Γ exists, or smooth functions compactly supported outside Γ are dense in the space. This notion was introduced by Triebel (2008) for the special case of d-sets
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