County Homes are a product of the reorganisation of the Poor\ud Relief system which took place in the early twenties of the century.\ud The multiplicity of Unions, which from 1838 to 1920 formed the\ud local basis of Poor Relief, was abolished except in Dublin City\ud and County. The County replaced the Union as the unit of\ud administration. The Workhouses in each county were either closed\ud or converted to hospitals. In practically every county, however, a\ud workhouse was selected for the reception of those inmates in the\ud other workhouses who did not require hospital or other special\ud treatment. The workhouse so chosen was designated the " County\ud Home ", and these homes thus became repositories for all types and\ud conditions of poor persons the majority of whom were aged and\ud infirm, but who also included considerable numbers of mental\ud defectives, unmarried mothers, children (legitimate and illegitimate),\ud persons suffering from various long-term illnesses and some·\ud able-bodied destitute
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