Location of Repository

Tree Tenure in Agroforestry Parklands: Implications for the Management, Utilisation and Ecology of Shea and Locust Bean Trees in Northern Ghana

By Mahesh Poudyal


The management and utilisation of resources in agroforestry systems are influenced by both land and tree tenure systems, especially where land and tree tenure are distinct, and rights to one do not necessarily lead to rights over the other. Most academic research has examined the impact of land tenure on management and productivity in these landscapes. This thesis investigates the impact of tree tenure alongside other socioeconomic factors through the research question: 'how do local institutional arrangements affect the management, utilisation and ecology of indigenous economic trees in agroforestry parklands?' Shea and locust bean trees, two of the most economically, culturally and ecologically important indigenous agroforestry species in Northern Ghana, are chosen for the case study. This multidisciplinary study utilises several methodologies of data collection and analysis to assess individual and household behaviour in the management of shea and locust bean trees, and the impact on the ecology of these species. The analysis of incentives (and constraints) stemming from differing tenure arrangements reveals differing attitudes among the households to the preservation and planting of these trees on their farmlands. Women, who are primary gatherers of non-timber products from these trees and hence the main beneficiaries, have differing access to these trees, depending both upon the status of their household within the community and the tenure rules in place. Econometric modelling of shea and locust bean tree densities reveals the socioeconomic and institutional determinants of these tree densities on the farmland, highlighting the importance of economic and institutional incentives and constraints in shaping the management practices, and subsequently the ecology of these indigenous economic species. The findings demonstrate that the vagaries of the resource-use dynamics should be taken into consideration by any policy targeted towards promoting sustainable management and utilisation of these valuable parkland species

Publisher: Environment and Politics
Year: 2009
OAI identifier: oai:etheses.whiterose.ac.uk:861

Suggested articles



  1. (2005). A bioeconomic analysis of carbon sequestration in farm forestry: a simulation study of Gliricidia sepium. doi
  2. (1999). A woman’s field is made at night: Gendered land rights and norms in Burkina Faso. doi
  3. (1999). Agriculture and the environment in northeastern Ghana: a comparision of high and medium population density areas.
  4. (1999). Agroforestry parklands in sub-Saharan Africa. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organisation.
  5. (1995). Agroforestry, reforestry, and the carbon problem - The role of land and tree tenure. doi
  6. (2005). An overview of questionnaire design for household surveys in developing countries.
  7. (1997). Borrowing of land, security of tenure and sustainable land use in Burkina Faso. doi
  8. (2001). Building on poor people's capacities: The case of common property resources in India and West Africa. doi
  9. (2008). Carbon sequestration in Africa: The land tenure problem. Global Environmental Change. doi
  10. (2002). Carbon sequestration in agroforestry systems. doi
  11. (2004). Carbon sequestration: An underexploited environmental benefit of agroforestry systems. doi
  12. (2008). Carbon stock and sequestration potential of traditional and improved agroforestry systems in the West African Sahel. doi
  13. (1992). Crafting Institutions for Self-Governing Irrigation Systems. doi
  14. (1990). Despite this recognition, however, studies on African resource tenure are still highly skewed towards land tenure issues, focussing primarily on the tenure security, investments on land and productivity (Atwood
  15. (2000). Evidence for anthropic selection of the Sheanut tree (Vitellaria paradoxa).
  16. (2003). Evidence for indigenous selection and distribution of the shea tree, Vitellaria paradoxa, and its potential significance to prevailing parkland savanna tree patterns in sub-Saharan Africa north of the equator. doi
  17. (2001). Evolution of land tenure institutions and development of agroforestry: evidence from customary land areas of Sumatra. doi
  18. (2003). Evolution of poverty and welfare in Ghana in the 1990s: Achievements and challenges. Africa Region Working Paper
  19. (2000). Evolving Land Rights, Policy and Tenure in Africa. doi
  20. (1974). Farmed parkland in West Africa.
  21. (2000). Field-scale influence of karité (Vitellaria paradoxa) on sorghum production in the Sudan zone of Burkina Faso.
  22. (2001). Fishing and farming at Lake Chad: Institutions for access to natural resources. doi
  23. (2004). Forest dependency and its implications for protected areas management: A case study from the Nyungwe Forest Reserve, Rwanda. doi
  24. (1996). Forests, Fields and Markets: A Study of Indigenous Tree Products in the Woody Savannas of the Bassila
  25. (1998). Household strategies and rural livelihood diversification. doi
  26. (2007). Impact of agroforestry practices on the flowering phenology of Vitellaria paradoxa in parklands doi
  27. (1997). Impact of privatization on gender and property rights in Africa. doi
  28. (1997). Indigenous land rights in sub-Saharan Africa: Appropriation, security and investment demand. doi
  29. (2009). Influence of property rights on farmers' willingness to plant indigenous fruit trees in Malawi and Zambia.
  30. (1998). Interactions between Nere (Parkia biglobosa) and under-planted sorghum in a parkland system in Burkina Faso. doi
  31. (1992). Karité (Vitellaria paradoxa) and néré (Parkia biglobosa) associated with crops in South Mali. doi
  32. (1990). Land registration in Africa: The impact on agricultural production. doi
  33. (2000). land scarcity increases (as observed in
  34. (1990). Land tenure and investment in African agriculture: Theory and evidence. doi
  35. (1991). Land tenure and property rights: Theory and implications for development policy. The World Bank Economic Review doi
  36. (2003). Land tenure and the management of land and trees: the case of customary land tenure areas of Ghana. doi
  37. (2002). Land tenure security and investment incentives: puzzling evidence from Burkina Faso. doi
  38. (2002). Land tenure systems and their impacts on agricultural investments and productivity in Uganda. doi
  39. (2005). Land tenure, 192agroforestry adoption, and reduction of fire hazard in a forest zone: A case study from Lampung, Sumatra, doi
  40. (2004). Land tenure, fixed investment, and farm productivity: Evidence from Zambia's southern province. doi
  41. (2008). Land use impact on Vitellaria paradoxa C.F. Gaerten. stand structure and distribution patterns: a comparison of Biosphere Reserve of Pendjari in Atacora district in Benin. doi
  42. (2000). Linking climate change research with food security and poverty reduction in the tropics. doi
  43. (1996). Management of Vitellaria paradoxa in Guinea Savanna Rangelands in Ghana,
  44. (2001). Nonfarm income diversification and household livelihood strategies in rural Africa: concepts, dynamics, and policy implications. doi
  45. Overview of the implementation of household surveys in developing countries. In Household Sample Surveys in Developing and Transition Countries.
  46. (1997). Parkia biglobosa: A Monograph.
  47. (2006). Persistent poverty in North East Ghana. doi
  48. (1999). Products of a managed landscape: non-timber forest products in the parklands of the Bassila region, doi
  49. (1995). Property rights and investment incentives: Theory and evidence from Ghana. doi
  50. (1988). Property rights and rural resource management: the case of tree crops
  51. (1994). Searching for Land Tenure Security
  52. (2004). Shea Butter Republic: State Power, Global Markets, and the Making of an Indigenous Commodity. doi
  53. (2004). Size class distribution and spatial pattern of Vitellaria paradoxa in relation to farmers' practices in Mali. doi
  54. (1989). Social institutions and access to resources. doi
  55. (1997). Stakeholder methodologies in natural resource management: a review of principles, contexts, experiences and opportunities. doi
  56. (2004). Targeting conservationdevelopment initiatives in tropical forests: insights from analyses of rain forest use and economic reliance among Amazonian peasants. doi
  57. (1997). tenure rights over shea trees resembled that of the farmland in
  58. (1995). The ecological basis of irrigation institutions: East and South Asia. doi
  59. (1992). The influence of karite (Vitellaria paradoxa) and nere (Parkia biglobosa) trees on sorghum production in Burkina-Faso. doi
  60. (1994). The role of land-tenure in agroforestry - Lessons from Benin. doi
  61. (1985). The tree tenure factor in agroforestry with particular reference to Africa. doi
  62. Travels in the interior of Africa, in the years 1795, 1796, & 1797, by Mungo Park. Abridged from the original work. doi
  63. (2006). Tree biodiversity, land dynamics and farmers' strategies on the agricultural frontier of southwestern Burkina Faso. doi
  64. (2005). Tree planting under customary tenure systems in Malawi: impacts of marriage and inheritance patterns. doi
  65. (1995). Trees on farms in Malawi: Private investment, public policy, and 189farmer choice. doi
  66. (1997). Using evidence of household income diversification to inform study of the rural nonfarm labor market in Africa. doi
  67. VII - CONCLUSIONSIntroduction Agroforestry parklands, where crops are grown alongside economically valuable tree species, are considered the traditional land use practice in semi-humid and semi-arid regions of sub-Saharan Africa (Pullan 1974;
  68. (1996). Vitellaria paradoxa: A Monograph.
  69. (2004). When you can't see the trees for the land: The issue of tree tenure.
  70. (1988). Whose Trees? Proprietary Dimensions of Forestry.
  71. (1988). Why land and tree tenure matter: Some fuel for thought. In Whose Trees? Proprietary Dimensions of Forestry,
  72. (1997). Women, men and trees: Gender, power and property in forest and agrarian landscapes. doi
  73. (2000). Women's Land Rights: Current Developments in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Evolving Land Rights, Policy and Tenure doi

To submit an update or takedown request for this paper, please submit an Update/Correction/Removal Request.