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Fabrication and evaluation of pH-modulated solid dispersion for telmisartan by spray-drying technique

By Nirmal Marasini, Tuan Hiep Tran, Bijay Kumar Poudel, Hyuk Jun Cho, Young Keun Choi, Sang-Cheol Chi, Han-Gon Choi, Chul Soon Yong and Jong Oh Kim


The present study was undertaken to overcome the problems associated with solubility, dissolution and oral bioavailability of a poorly water-soluble ionizable drug, telmisartan (TMS). For these purposes, a solubility test was carried to select the appropriate formulation composition from various carriers and alkalizers. Solid dispersions (SDs) of TMS were prepared at different drug-to-carrier ratios by the spray-drying technique, and were characterized by dissolution and aqueous solubility studies. The optimum formulation was investigated by dissolution studies at different pH and water media and its solid state characterisations were performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. In solubility and dissolution tests, all TMS-loaded pH-modulated SDs (pH-SDs) exhibited marked improvement in the dissolution behavior when compared with crystalline TMS powder. The optimum formulation of pH -SD consisted of TMS/PVP (polyvinylpyrrolidone) K30/Na CO at a weight ratio of 2/0.5/3 and showed significant improvement in the aqueous solubility and dissolution rate by approximately 40,000- and 3-fold, respectively, compared to TMS powder. Solid-state characterization revealed the changed in crystallinity of TMS into amorphous state. Furthermore, area under the drug concentration time-curve (AUC) of TMS from the pH-SD increased by 13.4- and 2.1-fold, compared with TMS powder and commercial product, respectively. According to these observations, taken together with dissolution and pharmacokinetic behaviors, pH-modulated SD in the presence of an alkalizer for a poorly water-soluble ionizable drug, TMS, appeared to be efficacious for enhancing its bioavailability

Topics: Alkalizer, Bioavailability, Solid dispersion, Spray-drying, Telmisartan, 3003 Pharmaceutical Science
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Year: 2013
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2012.11.012
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