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Fluid flow and sediment entrainment in the Garonne River bore and tidal bore collision

By Claire E. Keevil, Hubert Chanson and David Reungoat

Abstract

A detailed field study was carried out on a tidal bore to document the turbulent processes and sediment entrainment which occurred. The measured bore, within the Arcins Channel of the Garonne River ( France), was undular in nature and was followed by well-defined secondary wave motion. Due to the local river geometry a collision between the Arcins channel tidal bore and the bore which formed within the main Garonne River channel was observed about 800m upstream of the sampling site. This bore collision generated a transient standing wave with a black water mixing zone. Following this collision the bore from the main Garonne River channel propagated \u27backward\u27 to the downstream end of the Arcins channel. Velocity measurements with a fine temporal resolution were complemented by measurements of the sediment concentration and river level. The instantaneous velocity data indicated large and rapid fluctuations of all velocity components during the tidal bore. Large Reynolds shear stresses were observed during and after the tidal bore passage, including during the \u27backward\u27 bore propagation. Large suspended sediment concentration estimates were recorded and the suspended sediment flux data showed some substantial sediment motion, consistent with the murky appearance of the flood tide waters. Copyright (C) 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd

Topics: Bore collision, Field observations, Garonne River, Sediment processes, Tidal bore
Publisher: John Wiley and Sons
Year: 2015
OAI identifier: oai:espace.library.uq.edu.au:UQ:357309

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