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Work harassment and local government employees: Australia and USA

By Matthew Xerri, Rod Farr-wharton, Yvonne Brunetto and Dennis Lambries

Abstract

Purpose The purpose of this paper is to compare the impact of management and colleagues on the perception of work harassment and outcomes of local government employees in Australia and the USA. Design/methodology/approach Completed surveys from local government employees (265 from the USA and 250 from Australia) were analysed using structural equation modelling and an ANOVA. Findings The results depict support for the overall measurement and structural models showing that workplace relationships impact on work harassment, and in turn employee outcomes (psychological wellbeing and Organisational Citizenship Behaviour-Individual (OCB-I)), although not all paths were accepted for each country. Statistically significant differences were found between the Australian and USA samples for both the measurement and structural models, with the sample from the USA showing much higher levels of satisfaction with workplace relationships, higher levels of psychological wellbeing, OCB-I, and lower perceptions of work harassment. Practical implications The findings provide implications that Australian and US local government employees, positioned closest to the public, experience work harassment probably as a result of chronic under-resourcing both in terms of manpower and other resources, and coupled with unrealistically high-performance targets. The results depict that such work harassment is resulting in lower psychological wellbeing (USA only) and lower extra-role behaviour associated with OCB-I (Australia and USA). Originality/value The value of this paper is that it benchmarks the impact of workplace relationships on work harassment for local government employees across two Anglo-American countries

Topics: OCB, psychological wellbeing, work harassment, workplace relationships, Business, Tourism and Travel
Publisher: ePublications@SCU
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1108/IJPSM-05-2015-0094
OAI identifier: oai:epubs.scu.edu.au:bus_tourism_pubs-1685
Provided by: ePublications@SCU
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