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Fluid dynamic lateral slicing of high tensile strength carbon nanotubes

By Kasturi Vimalanathan, Jason Gascooke, I Suarez-Martinez, N Marks, H Kumari, C Garvey, J L Atwood, W Lawrance and Colin L Raston

Abstract

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. The images\ud or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license,\ud unless indicated otherwise in the credit line; if the material is not included under the Creative Commons license,\ud users will need to obtain permission from the license holder to reproduce the material. To view a copy of this\ud license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/Lateral slicing of micron length carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is effective on laser irradiation of the materials\ud suspended within dynamic liquid thin films in a microfluidic vortex fluidic device (VFD). The method\ud produces sliced CNTs with minimal defects in the absence of any chemical stabilizers, having broad\ud length distributions centred at ca 190, 160 nm and 171 nm for single, double and multi walled CNTs\ud respectively, as established using atomic force microscopy and supported by small angle neutron\ud scattering solution data. Molecular dynamics simulations on a bent single walled carbon nanotube\ud (SWCNT) with a radius of curvature of order 10 nm results in tearing across the tube upon heating,\ud highlighting the role of shear forces which bend the tube forming strained bonds which are ruptured by\ud the laser irradiation. CNT slicing occurs with the VFD operating in both the confined mode for a finite\ud volume of liquid and continuous flow for scalability purposes

Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1038/srep22865
OAI identifier: oai:dspace.flinders.edu.au:2328/36154
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