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Single-shot, high-dose rabbit ATG for rejection prophylaxis after kidney transplantation

By R. (Bob) Zietse, E.P.M. (E. P M) van Steenberge, C.J. (Cees) Hesse, L.B. (L.) Vaessen, J.N.M. (Jan) IJzermans and W. (Willem) Weimar

Abstract

We studied the effects of a single intravenous injection of rabbit ATG (RIVM, Bilthoven, The Netherlands) in a dose of 8 mg/kg body weight administered 6 h after kidney transplantation on graft survival, rejection incidence, T-cell subsets, and cost-effectiveness. A total of 58 (37 male/21 female) consecutive renal allograft recipients were entered in this trial. Treatment results were compared with 56 patients treated with intravenous cyclosporin (CyA). In all patients concomitant medication consisted of steroids and azathioprine, followed by oral CyA. Following rabbit ATG, T cells (WT31) quickly disappeared from the peripheral blood and a return to greater than 100/mm3 was observed at a median of 7 (range 3–21) days. Graft survival was the same in both groups, as was the incidence of primary nonfunction. The rate of acute rejection was significantly lower in the rabbit ATG-treated patients (12 % vs 50%). We conclude that a single shot of rabbit ATG is an attractive, easy, and cost-effective induction scheme with a low incidence of delayed graft function and acute rejection episodes. A relatively high incidence of vascular thrombosis of the graft, however, warrants further study before this treatment regimen can be generally applied

Topics: ATG, Kidney transplantation, Rejection, Single shot
Year: 1993
DOI identifier: 10.1007/BF00335971
OAI identifier: oai:repub.eur.nl:73135

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