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Synthesis and characterization of long persistent phosphors using combustion method

By Manaka Mmakgabo Colen

Abstract

In this work, alkaline earth aluminate phosphors doped with rare-earth ions and manganese were synthesized using combustion method. Several characterization techniques were used to study the structural and luminescent properties of the as-synthesized phosphors, namely X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS), Ultraviolet-Visible (UV-Vis) Spectroscopy, Photoluminescence (PL), and Thermoluminescence (TL). The structural properties were studied by collecting the XRD patterns of the samples using an X'Pert PRO PANalytical diffractometer with CuKα at λ = 0.15405 nm. The particle morphologies of the as-synthesized powder phosphors were investigated using a JEOL JSM-7500F field-emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM). The optical properties of the phosphors were studied using Perkin-Elmer Lambda 750s UV-Vis spectrometer, Jobin Yvon/SPEX FluoroLog spectrofluorometer (Model FL-1040) and Riso TL/OSL reader (Model DA-20). The as-prepared SrAl2O4:Eu 2+ ; SrAl2O4:Dy 3+; SrAl2O4:Mn 2+; phosphors were synthesized at an initiating temperature of 600 oC. The XRD patterns were consistent with the low temperature monoclinic structure of SrAl2O4 for all the as-synthesized phosphor powders. SEM measurements showed nano-rod like particles. The SrAl2O4:Eu 2+ ; SrAl2O4:Dy 3+; SrAl2O4:Mn 2+ samples were excited using a 450 W Xenon light source at 364 nm, 390 nm, and 426 nm respectively. A broad blue emission peak at 500 nm shown by the SrAl2O4:Eu 2+ sample is attributed to the 6 1 7 4f 5d 4f transition of the Eu 2+ ion. Also, the red sharp emission lines due to the 4f-4f transition of the Eu 3+ were observed. SrAl2O4:Dy3+ samples exhibited blue, green, and red emissions which can be atributed to the 4 6 9/2 15/2 F  H ,4 6 9/2 13/2 F  H , and 4 6 9 11 2 2 F  H transitions of Dy 3+ ions respectively. The two broad emissions (green at 513 nm and red at 650 nm) shown by 2+ 0.98 2 4 0.02 Sr Al O :Mn sample can be atributed to the 4 4 6 6 1 1 T ( G)  A ( S) transition of the Mn 2+ ion in the sample. The SrAl2O4:Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ ; SrAl2O4:Eu 2+, Mn 2+ ; SrAl2O4:Dy 3+, Mn 2+; and SrAl2O4:Eu 2+ ,Mn 2+, Dy 3+ phosphors were synthesized by combustion method at an initiating temperature of 600 oC. The blue emissions were observed in all the samples except SrAl2O4:Eu 2+ ,Mn 2+, Dy 3+ sample. The SrAl2O4:Eu 2+ ,Mn 2+, Dy 3+ phosphor showed the longest afterglow intensity. The BaAl2O4 doped with Eu 2+ , Mn 2+ and Dy 3+ phosphors synthesized at an initiating temperature of 600 oC using combustion method. The XRD patterns confirmed the hexagonal structure of BaAl2O4 in all the as-synthesized samples. A broad blue emission of the BaAl2O4:Eu 2+ sample at 490 nm is attributed to the 6 1 7 4f 5d 4f transition of the Eu 2+ ion in the sample. A red emission peak observed at 611 nm is due to the 4f - 4f transition of un-reduced Eu 3+ ions during the combustion reaction. A blue emission at 482 nm, a green emission at 575 nm, and a red emission at 663 nm of the BaAl2O4:Dy 3+ sample can be associated with 4 6 9/2 15/2 F  H ,4 6 9/2 13/2 F  H , and 4 6 9 11 2 2 F  H transitions of the Dy 3+ ions respectively. The green emission peaks exhibited by BaAl2O4:Mn 2+ sample at 512 nm is due to the 4 4 6 6 1 1 T ( G)  A ( S) transitions of the Mn 2+ ions. Barium aluminate phosphors doped with different concentrations of Dy 3+ ion were synthesized by combustion method at an initiating temperature of 600 oC. The XRD patterns confirmed the hexagonal structure of BaAl2O4. The emission peaks observed at 482 nm, 575 nm, and 663 nm are due to4 6 9/2 15/2 F  H ,4 6 9/2 13/2 F  H and 4 6 9 11 2 2 F  H transitions of Dy 3+ ion respectively. The PL measurements also confirmed the quenching of luminescence at higher concentrations of the Dy 3+ ion. The UV-Vis measurements has confirmed the increase in the band-gap of the BaAl2O4 sample followed by a decrease and an increase again as doping concentration of the Dy 3+ increased. The X-ray diffraction patterns of the Ca0.97M0.3Al2O4:Eu 2+ , Dy 3+ (M = Ba, Mg, and Sr) powder samples prepared by combustion method confirms the monoclinic structure of CaAl2O4 in all samples. A broad emission peak at 490 nm for both Ba 2+ and Mg 2+ substituted samples and the one for Sr 2+ substituted sample at 485nm are attributed to the 6 1 7 4f 5d 4f transition of the Eu 2+ . The decay curves confirmed that the Mg 2+ substituted sample has a longer persistence (phosphorescence) than all the other samples.PhysicsM. Sc. (Physics

Topics: Combustion Method, Photoluminescence, Phosphorescence, Long-Afterglow, Rare earth ions, Alkaline Earth Aluminates, 535.35, Photoluminescence, X-ray spectroscopy, Scanning electron microscopy, Thermoluminescence, Phosphorescence
Year: 2015
OAI identifier: oai:uir.unisa.ac.za:10500/20709

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