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Population balances in case of crossing characteristic curves: Application to T-cells immune response

By Qasim Ali, Ali Elkamel, Frédéric Gruy, Claude Lambert and Eric Touboul

Abstract

The progression of a cell population where each individual is characterized by the value of an internal variable varying with time (e.g. size, weight, and protein concentration) is typically modeled by a Population Balance Equation, a first order linear hyperbolic partial differential equation. The characteristics described by internal variables usually vary monotonically with the passage of time. A particular difficulty appears when the characteristic curves exhibit different slopes from each other and therefore cross each other at certain times. In particular such crossing phenomenon occurs during T-cells immune response when the concentrations of protein expressions depend upon each other and also when some global protein (e.g. Interleukin signals) is also involved which is shared by all T-cells. At these crossing points, the linear advection equation is not possible by using the classical way of hyperbolic conservation laws. Therefore, a new Transport Method is introduced in this article which allowed us to find the population density function for such processes. The newly developed Transport method (TM) is shown to work in the case of crossing and to provide a smooth solution at the crossing points in contrast to the classical PDF techniques.Comment: 18 pages, 10 figure

Topics: Quantitative Biology - Cell Behavior, Quantitative Biology - Quantitative Methods
Publisher: 'Wiley'
Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1002/cjce.22497
OAI identifier: oai:arXiv.org:1603.04766

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