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Evidence for single top-quark production in the s -channel in proton–proton collisions at √s=8 TeV with the ATLAS detector using the Matrix Element Method

By Adam Edward Barton, Michael Beattie, Guennadi Borissov, Evelina Vassileva Bouhova-Thacker, William Dearnaley, Harald Fox, Kathryn Ann Tschann Grimm, Robert Charles William Henderson, Gareth Hughes, Roger William Lewis Jones, Vakhtang Kartvelishvili, Robin Eamonn Long, Peter Allan Love, Harvey Maddocks, Malcolm Skinner, Maria Smizanska, James William Walder and Andy Wharton


This Letter presents evidence for single top-quark production in the s -channel using proton–proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 8 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider. The analysis is performed on events containing one isolated electron or muon, large missing transverse momentum and exactly two b -tagged jets in the final state. The analysed data set corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 20.3 fb−1. The signal is extracted using a maximum-likelihood fit of a discriminant which is based on the matrix element method and optimized in order to separate single-top-quark s-channel events from the main background contributions, which are top-quark pair production and W boson production in association with heavy-flavour jets. The measurement leads to an observed signal significance of 3.2 standard deviations and a measured cross-section of σs = 4.8 ± 0.8(stat.)+1.6 −1.3(syst.) pb, which is consistent with the Standard Model expectation. The expected significance for the analysis is 3.9 standard deviations

Year: 2016
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.physletb.2016.03.017
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Provided by: Lancaster E-Prints

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