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Structural Basis for the Identification of an i-Motif Tetraplex Core with a Parallel-Duplex Junction as a Structural Motif in CCG Triplet Repeats

By Yi-Wen Chen, Cyong-Ru Jhan, Stephen Neidle and Ming-Hon Hou

Abstract

CCG triplet repeats can fold into tetraplex structures, which are associated with the expansion of (CCG)n trinucleotide sequences in certain neurological diseases. These structures are stabilized by intertwining i-motifs. However, the structural basis for tetraplex i-motif formation in CCG triplet repeats remains largely unknown. We report the first crystal structure of a CCG-repeat sequence, which shows that two dT(CCG)3 A strands can associate to form a tetraplex structure with an i-motif core containing four C:C(+) pairs flanked by two G:G homopurine base pairs as a structural motif. The tetraplex core is attached to a short parallel-stranded duplex. Each hairpin itself contains a central CCG loop in which the nucleotides are flipped out and stabilized by stacking interactions. The helical twists between adjacent cytosine residues of this structure in the i-motif core have an average value of 30°, which is greater than those previously reported for i-motif structures

Topics: DNA structures, X-ray diffraction, i-motifs, neurological disease, tetraplex structures, Crystallography, X-Ray, DNA, Models, Molecular, Nucleic Acid Conformation, Trinucleotide Repeats
Year: 2015
DOI identifier: 10.1002/anie.201405637
OAI identifier: oai:ir.lib.nchu.edu.tw:11455/86405
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