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Biomorphometric characteristics of different types of sensilla detected on the antennaof Helicoverpa armigera by scanning electron microscopy

By Aliou Diongue, Jeng-Tze Yang and Po-Yung Lai


A morphometric study on H. armigera antenna showed four styles of sensilla, i.e., styloconica, chaetica, coeloconica, and trichodea, and their numbers were estimated. Sensilla trichodea detect inter and intraspecific communication signals and was the most numerous. They were divided into three types: type I, the longest, with a length of 34.04 ± 3.16 μm and about 2.16 to 2.42 μm in diameter at its base; 2) type II, intermediate, with a length of 22.58 ± 0.77 μm and basal diameter of 1.8–2.52 μm; 3) type III, the shortest sensilla trichodea, with a length of 7.62 ± 0.4 μm and a range in diameter similar to that of type II. The length of the female sensilla trichodea was longer than that of the male. The total number of sensilla trichodea was estimated to be 7520 on the antenna of the female, and 6831 on the male antenna. The lengths of the sensilla trichodea type I and type III were significantly different on male (t = 4.6881, P = 0.0034) and female antenna (t = 18.9852, P = 0.0001). An estimation of the predicted surface area of the most numerous type I on sampled segments between the 12th and 20th segments from a female of H. armigera showed a surface area of 5 × 103 μm2 and a sensillar density of 38 sensilla/103 μm2. The fraction of sensilla-occupied surface area was 0.4 μm2

Topics: Helicoverpa armigera, Scanning electron microscopy, Antenna sensilla classify, Model estimating sensilla number
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.aspen.2012.09.001
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