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Composition and antifungal activity of balsam from Liquidambar formosana Hance

By Shih-Chang Chien, Jun-Hong Xiao, Yen-Hsueh Tseng, Yueh-Hsiung Kuo and Sheng-Yang Wang


Formosan sweet gum (Liquidambar formosana Hance) is a tree species endemic in Taiwan. In this study, the composition of balsam from L. formosana has been determined by several chromatographic and spectroscopic techniques. Among the 26 compounds identified, three new triterpenoids were detected, namely, 2α,3α-dihydroxyolean-12-en-28-al (1), 3α-hydroxyolean-12-en-30-ol (2), and 3α-hydroxyolean-2-oxo-12-en-28-al (3). The most abundant volatile compounds were β-caryophyllene (22.7%), α-pinene (23.3%), and β-pinene (19.6%), and the most abundant nonvolatile compounds were 3α,25-dihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid (12, 19.1%), oleanonic aldehyde (9, 14.0%), and betulonic acid (15, 13.4%). The compounds 3α,25-dihydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid and bornyl cinnamate were found to be inhibitory for white rot (Lenzites betulina) and brown rot (Laetiporus sulphureus) fungi

Topics: antifungal activity, bornyl cinnamate, Formosan sweet gum, Liquidambar formosana, resina liquidambaris, triterpenoids
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1515/hf-2012-0086
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