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Effects of manganese oxide addition and reductive atmosphere annealing on the phase stability and microstructure of yttria stabilized zirconia

By Yen-Lin Huang, Ying-Chieh Lee, Du-Cheng Tsai, Jam-Da Chiu and Fuh-Sheng Shieu


The effects of Mn3O4 addition and reductive atmosphere (N2:H2 = 97:3) annealing on the microstructure and phase stability of yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ) ceramics during sintering at 1500 °C for 3 h in air and subsequent annealing in a reductive atmosphere were investigated. Mn3O4 added 6 mol% YSZ (6YSZ) and 10 mol% YSZ (10YSZ) ceramics were prepared via the conventional solid-state reaction processes. The X-ray diffraction results showed that a single cubic phase of ZrO2 was obtained in 1 mol% Mn3O4 added 6YSZ ceramic at a sintering temperature of 1500 °C for 3 h. A trace amount of monoclinic ZrO2 phases were observed for 1 mol% Mn3O4 added 6YSZ ceramics after annealing at 1300 °C for 60 cycles in a reductive atmosphere by transmission electron microscopy. Furthermore, a single cubic ZrO2 phase existed stably as Mn3O4 added 10YSZ ceramics was annealed at 1300 °C for 60 cycles in reductive atmosphere

Topics: Manganese, Yttria stabilized zirconia (YSZ), Aging test, Superlattice, Oxygen partial pressures
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2013.04.004
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