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Rheology, structure, and sintering of zirconia suspensions with pyrogallol-poly(ethylene glycol) as polymeric surfactant

By Wenjea J. Tseng and Po-Sung Chao


Yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) nanoparticles have been dispersed in water with pyrogallol-poly(ethylene glycol) polymer (i.e., Gallol-PEG) as surfactant. Fluid YSZ suspensions with an apparent viscosity < 102 Pa s at a shear rate of 102 s−1 have been prepared with a solids concentration of 45 vol.% for the 90-nm YSZ nanoparticles. Theoretical calculation of interparticle potentials indicates that the adsorbed polymer renders steric hindrance critical to the suspension stabilization. The concentrated YSZ suspensions exhibit shear-thinning flow over a broad shear-rate range, resulted from the weak attractive minimum (∼2.7 kBT) found between the neighbouring particles in close proximity. The Gallol-PEG concentration influences not only the suspension rheology but also the particle-packing structure and sintered density of the slip-casted YSZ compacts. The YSZ suspensions with an optimal Gallol-PEG concentration of 2 wt.% exhibit a low pore volume in the green state, facilitating hence densification (> 99% theoretical) upon subjected to sintering

Topics: Zirconia, Surfactant, Adsorption, Rheology, Sintering
Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1016/j.jeurceramsoc.2013.06.006
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