High-efficiency InGaN light-emitting diode (LED) with an air-channel structure and a nanoporous structure was fabricated. The air-channel structure was formed through an epitaxial regrowth process on a dry-etched undoped GaN nanorod structure. The GaN:Si nanoporous structure embedded in treated LED structures was fabricated through a photoelectrochemical wet etching process in an oxalic acid solution. Light output powers were enhanced 1.48- and 1.75-fold for the LEDs with an air-channel structure and with a nanoporous/air-channel structure, respectively, in comparison with that of a conventional LED structure. The air-channel structure and the nanoporous GaN:Si structure in the treated LED structures provided high-light-extraction structures
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