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Use of 3,3-Thiobis(1-propanesulfonate) to Accelerate MicroviaFilling by Copper Electroplating

By Po-Fan Chan, Yong-Da Chiu, Wei-Ping Dow, Klaus Krug, Yuh-Lang Lee and Shueh-Lin Yau


The most widely used accelerators for microvia filling by copper electroplating are 3-mercapto-1-propanesulfonate (MPS) and bis(3-sulfopropyl) disulfide (SPS). In this study, a new accelerator, 3,3-thiobis(1-propanesulfonate) (TBPS), which has neither a thiol group(e.g., MPS) nor a disulfide group (e.g., SPS) but rather contains a thioether group and two sulfonic acid groups, was investigated andformulated to perform microvia filling by copper electroplating. The accelerating effect of TBPS on copper electrodeposition andits chemical interaction with chloride ions and H2SO4 were characterized by galvanostatic measurements. Electrochemical analyzesshowed that the acceleration of TBPS on copper electrodeposition strongly depended on the chloride ion and H2SO4 concentrations.An optimal copper plating solution composed of CuSO4, polyethylene glycol (PEG), TBPS, chloride ions, and H2SO4 was developedand used to perform bottom-up copper filling of microvias. Although TBPS contains a thioether group instead of a thiol group, a traceamount of TBPS can strongly accelerate copper electrodeposition in the presence of proper chloride ion and H2SO4 concentrations

Year: 2014
DOI identifier: 10.1149/2.047312jes
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