An azetidine-2,4-dione was applied to synthesize dendrons with four carbons in the end ([G-0.5]-C4 and[G-1]-C4) via a selective ring-opening addition reaction, which was subsequently extended to obtain a dendriticsurfactant ([G-1]-C4 surfactant) by acidification. The dendronswere characterized by Fourier transforminfrared(FT-IR), 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR), elemental analyzer (EA), and fast atom bombardment massspectrometry (FAB MS). The dendritic surfactant, with a cationic head and branched hydrophobic C4 tails, wasdissolved in 2 wt.% dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) aqueous solution for the determination of criticalmicelle concentration(CMC) by fluorescence and electrical conductivity measurements. The resulted CMC values were veryclose within measurements, ca. 0.013–0.05 mM. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and zeta potentialmeasurement also provided an evidence ofmicelle formation and shape. Moreover, anionic dyes were adsorbedonto the micelles successfully to confirm the positive charge of [G-1]-C4 surfactant
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