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Study of the River Bed Variation after the Baling Check-Dam Failure

By 高育林, 曾文孝, 周士傑, 謝正倫, Yu-Lin Kao, Wen-Hsiao Tseng, Shih-Chieh Chou and Chjeng-Lun Shieh

Abstract

The study provides longitudinal and cross-sectional analysis of 8 pieces topography data collected from 1980 to 2011 and bed material particle size based on three investigations conducted between 2008 and 2012. The mainstream topography data in December 2007 shows that the head-cutting distance was about 3 kilometers after the dam broke. The topography data since 2008 displays that river the channel is stable as well. The topography data shows that the longitudinal section in the tributary had a head-cutting distance of about 3 kilometers after the dam broke, and the river channel still is showing adjustment behavior. The scour-and-fill analysis result of the mainstream cross-section shows that the transverse adjust changed significantly upstream from the dam location from 2006-2008. The particle size of the bed material has shown a trend from coarsening to fining according to different sampling points. Therefore, the river bed is still adjusting continuously. Finally, this study is based on a debris flow and sediment laden flow numerical model. The simulation result is fit for river-bed changes after dam-break.2007年石門水庫上游的巴陵防砂壩潰壩事件,導致上游河床沖刷約20公尺,下游最大淤積約10公尺。本文蒐集巴陵防砂壩1980至2011年潰壩前後8次地形測量資料與2008-2012年共進行三次河床質粒徑調查以分析潰壩對於河床變動及河床質粒徑變化的影響。結果顯示,巴陵壩潰壩3個月後河床已逐漸趨於動態平衡,河床質粒徑整體有粗化再細化的趨勢。最後,本文以適用於土石流及高含砂水流的數值模式進行潰壩事件模擬,並利用河床測量成果進行比較

Topics: 巴陵壩, 潰壩, 河床變動, 數值模擬, Baling dam, check-dam failure, river-bed variation, numerical simulation
Publisher: 台北市:中華水土保持學會
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:ir.lib.nchu.edu.tw:11455/84773

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