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施鈣對'蜜紅'葡萄果實生長及品質之影響

By 周祖芳, 郭銀港, 楊耀祥, Chu-Fang Chou, Yin-Kang Kuo and Yau-Shiang Yang

Abstract

為瞭解施鈣肥對於葡萄果實生長及品質之影響,在'蜜紅'葡萄第一收及第二收催芽前分別施用40、80、120及160 ㎏ CaO/0.1ha之苦土石灰於土壤中。結果顯示施鈣對葡萄果實硬度並無顯著的影響,但未施鈣者呈現較低現象。鈣施用較多者果實鮮重、縱徑及橫徑有較低之趨勢,但其可溶性固形物含量較高。果實鈣含量均隨著果實發育而降低,在採收期時第一收葡萄為0.11~0.14%,第二收為0.05~0.06%,施鈣愈多果實鈣含量有愈高的趨勢。In order to understand the effect of calcium application in berry growth and quality of 'Honey Red' grapes (Vitis vinefera L. × Vitis labrusca L.), five level dolomite 0, 40, 80, 120 and 160 kg CaO/0.1 ha were treated in the vineyard before bud forcing.\ud Results was found that fresh weight, height and width of berry were more bigger when calcium did not applied. Total soluble solid and water content of fruit appeared more higher followed high levels of calcium application. The firmness of berry was not different significantly by treating dolomite in both harvest season. However, the untreated grape was shown soften than treated grapes. Results also indicated that the calcium content of berries had not significant difference among treatments during the first years

Topics: Grape, Fruit growth, Fruit quality, Calcium, 'Honey Red' grapes, 葡萄, 果實生長, 果實品質, 鈣, 蜜紅葡萄
Year: 2014
OAI identifier: oai:ir.lib.nchu.edu.tw:11455/81556
Journal:

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