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Exploring the Cross-regional Differences in Forest Recreation: The Perspective of Visitor Characteristics, Recreation Behaviors and Psychological Variables

By 劉耿佑, 李介祿, Keng-Yu Liu and Chieh-Lu Li


在文獻回顧中,提到跨區域居住地的差異,可能導致遊憩型態的不同。但在過去相關戶外遊憩的研究,提供這方面的資訊較為有限,因此本研究以森林遊客為例進行探討。從2010年到2011年,我們在惠蓀林場對遊客實施問卷調查,總計獲得767份有效問卷。根據內政部營建署(CPAMI)的區劃方式,將遊客以居住地分為台灣北部、中部及南部地區,並比較遊客特性、遊憩行為及心理變項之差異。結果顯示,居住區域不同的遊客,在遊憩型態上呈現顯著差異,尤以居住在北部的遊客與居住於中部及南部的遊客差別較為明顯。因此我們將中部及南部之遊客結合,再與北部進行比較。結果顯示,原先呈現顯著差異的部份仍舊存在,並發現相較於居住在中南部的遊客,居住於北部地區的遊客,有較高的家庭收入及教育程度;但相反地,北部地區的遊客其生活品質及生活滿意度卻較低。本研究將提供森林遊樂經營管理的參考及日後相關研究之方向。Literature reviews revealed that cross-regional differences in residential areas might result in different recreation patterns. Past studies provided limited information in this line of research. This study, exploring this aspect in the context of forest recreation. From late 2010 to early 2011, visitor surveys were conducted at Hui-Sun National Forest Recreation Area. Overall, 767 valid questionnaires were obtained. We divided the visitors based on their residential areas, i.e., northern, central and southern regions of Taiwan according to the division methods of Construction and Planning Agency Ministry of the Interior (CPAMI) and compared visitor characteristics, recreation behaviors and psychological variables.The results showed that visitors from different residential area had significant differences in recreation patterns. In particular, visitors from the northern area showed differences from those of southern and central regions. We also combined the central and southern regions, compared with the northern region, and the results showed the differences persisted, The finding revealed that visitors living in the northern area had higher family income and educational level than those of central and southern regions. In contrast, the northern visitors showed lower in their quality of life and life satisfaction. The management implications and future research in this line are also provided

Topics: 跨區域差異, 遊客特性, 心理變項, 遊憩行為, 森林遊樂, Cross-regional differences, visitor characteristics, psychological variables, recreation behavior, forest recreation
Publisher: 臺中市: 國立中興大學農學院實驗林管理處
Year: 2014
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