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By Jiunn-Cheng Lin, Chin-Chih Lee, Pei-Jung Wang, Lih-Chin Chen, Wan-Yu Liu, 林俊成, 李俊志, 王培蓉, 陳麗琴 and 柳婉郁


Afforestation has been widely used as one of important tools for reducing CO2 emission, which emerges the serious global warming crisis. This study focuses on the relationship between the global warming cognition and the plantation intention of the private forest owners in Taiwan by using questionnaire with mail survey method. The questionnaire items, which relate to the cognition of the private forest owners on the global warming issues, are measured by using Likert 6-point scales. Through factor analysis, two dimensions are specified, 'CO2 emissions reduction activity' and 'global warming crisis perception'. The results suggest that the 'CO2 emissions reduction activity' factor positively affects the plantation intention of the private forest owners, but the 'global warming crisis perception' factor seems no significant influence on it. The results imply that global warming cognition correlates with plantation intention. In addition, this study suggests that the government can provide different incentives to landowners according to their different intentions such as public benefit and economic benefit to get better results of policy implementation.近來全球暖化議題日漸重要,造林成為滅少CO2排放的主要工具之。本研究即透過問卷調查探究台灣私有林主對全球暖化議題認知與參與造林減碳之意願。林主對全球暖化議題認知以Likert六點足度量表進行量測,經由本研究之分析結果,顯示私有林主對全球暖化的認知程度對造林意願有正向的影響。私有林主在全球暖化議題認知可分成「減量參與行動」及「暖化危機感受」兩個面向。「減量參與行動」因素認同度會影響林主造林參與的意願,其影響程度高於「暖化危機感受」因素;高認同「減量參與行動」者,也具有較高的造林意願,而這部分人口屬性為年輕、高學歷及收入以非農業為主者。私有林主之造林意願越高,則經營意願也就顯著越高,因此若政府運用適當的政策工具激勵私有林主的造林意願,同時亦應能達到提高經營意願的效果。過去研究在獎勵造林政策方面,均偏重以經濟誘因為吸引私有林主參與造林的手段,然而本研究調查顯示,私有林主願意從事造林的主要原因卻是因為對全球暖化及森林的重要性的高度認知,故於政策推動時可從知識及環境倫理等籲求,以強化私有林主的造林意願。另外,本研究建議若為有效提高私有林主參與造林減碳之意願,對不同態度傾向的私有林主可分別訴諸於森林公益功能及經濟收益,當可得到最佳效果

Topics: 私有地主, 造林意願, 全球暖化, Private forest owners, Plantation intention, Global warming
Publisher: 臺中巿: 國立中興大學農學院
Year: 2014
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