Afghanistan's drug problem has been existed for a long time, but the threats drug bright were neglected because of political factors such as the invasion of great powers and civil wars. Since the fall of the Taliban regime in late 2001, new Afghan government with the help of international community has started on re-establishing its country. So far, we can have seen many concrete achievements, including a new constitution and national election. In spite of moving towards development of democratization, Afghanistan's drug problem still is unsolved yet and becomes more serious in the post-Taliban era than in past. Internal insecurity, official corruption, rural poverty, and divergent opinions of international community are main obstacles to counter-narcotics efforts supported positively by new Afghan administration and international community through proposing many policies and measures. In the future, actions of counter-narcotics in Afghanistan will confront many uncertain challenges, such as gradual withdrawal of international troops from Afghanistan. However, the first priority at the present stage is to resolve root causes mentioned above.長期以來，阿富汗毒品問題一直存在，卻總是因外強入侵，或者內亂等政治因素而忽略其所帶來的威脅性。2001年底神學士政權被推翻後，在國際社會的援助下，阿富汗走向重建之路。然而，毒品問題不僅未解決，而且越來越嚴重。阿富汗新政府與國際社會提出了許多對抗毒品的多項因應政策，卻因為阿富汗國內的不安全環境、官員的貪腐、農村貧困、以及國際社會不易凝聚共識等因素，使得這些政策在執行上有其困難，進而影響反毒的成效。未來，阿富汗還必須面對如駐紮在阿富汗境內的國際部隊逐步撤兵的不確定因素。當務之急，必須先妥善解決當前毒品日趨嚴重的主因，否則阿富汗毒品問題將更複雜，並永遠影響阿富汗整體發展與人類安全
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