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Human Papillomavirus Type 5 E6 Oncoprotein Represses the Transforming Growth Factor β Signaling Pathway by Binding to SMAD3▿

By Jose-Andres Mendoza, Yves Jacob, Patricia Cassonnet and Michel Favre

Abstract

Mechanisms of cellular transformation associated with human papillomavirus type 5 (HPV5), which is responsible for skin carcinomas in epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV) patients, are poorly understood. Using a yeast two-hybrid screening and molecular and cellular biology experiments, we found that HPV5 oncoprotein E6 interacts with SMAD3, a key component in the transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) signaling pathway. HPV5 E6 inhibits SMAD3 transactivation by destabilizing the SMAD3/SMAD4 complex and inducing the degradation of both proteins. Interestingly, the E6 protein of nononcogenic EV HPV9 failed to interact with SMAD3, suggesting that downregulation of the TGF-β1 signaling pathway could be a determinant in HPV5 skin carcinogenesis

Topics: Virus-Cell Interactions
Publisher: American Society for Microbiology
OAI identifier: oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:1676262
Provided by: PubMed Central
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